Description of categories

Apprentices and trainees: Initiatives aimed at helping individuals undertake an apprenticeship or traineeship, such as travel and accommodation schemes, Trade Support Loans, and fee-free or subsidised training. Includes initiatives targeting school-based apprentices and trainees.

Students: initiatives targeting students other than / or as well as apprentices and trainees, including initiatives aimed at helping school leavers transition from secondary to post-secondary education, training and employment.

Employees & job seekers: initiatives aimed at reskilling and/or upskilling individuals to help them enter or remain in the labour market.

Equity groups: initiatives aimed at increasing participation of disadvantaged groups (NEET, indigenous people, people with disability, women, migrants and refugees, older workers, people living in remote/rural regions ) in education, training and employment.

Providers: initiatives aimed at VET providers, both private and public, and includes secondary, tertiary and the Adult and Community Education sectors.

Industry & employers: Initiatives targeting employers, businesses, and industry. Includes initiatives such as incentives provided to employers for taking on apprentices and trainees.

VET system: initiatives that bring about changes to, or impact, the VET system, either nationally or at a jurisdictional level.

External influence: provides information about major economic, social and environmental events that could impact the VET sector and participation in education and training.

Government: shows the political parties in government over the duration of this timeline.

Further information

This timeline is accompanied by a suite of complementary products that together make up the VET Knowledge Bank. The VET Knowledge Bank is a new resource aimed at providing a collected memory of Australian VET reference information. There are also a number of other resources available in VOCEDplus that look at different aspects of VET and cover a longer time period than this timeline, including:

Providing feedback

The development of this resource required reaching back into time to locate information about past VET policies, programs and initiatives. Every effort has been made to ensure the information provided is accurate and complete within the scope of the resource (see page introduction above), including consulting more broadly with a range of government, research and other VET stakeholders.

Where an exact date could not be determined, it is indicated in the description. We are also currently in the process of reviewing initiatives added to the timeline in previous years with an end date of 'Continuing' to determine the status of these initiatives. If you know of any missing or updated information or have any feedback about this resource, please let us know at

Disclaimer: This timeline has been developed and optimised for viewing on a desktop platform.

How to cite this page

NCVER (National Centre for Vocational Education Research) 2023, Timeline of Australian VET policy initiatives: 1998-2022, VET Knowledge Bank, NCVER, Adelaide, <>.