Robots and the gender pay gap in Europe

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Author: Aksoy, Cevat Giray; Ozcan, Berkay; Philipp, Julia


Could robotization make the gender pay gap worse? We provide the first large-scale evidence on the impact of industrial robots on the gender pay gap using data from 20 European countries. We show that robot adoption increases both male and female earnings but also increases the gender pay gap. Using an instrumental variable strategy, we find that a ten per cent increase in robotization leads to a 1.8 per cent increase in the gender pay gap. These results are mainly driven by countries with high levels of gender inequality and outsourcing destination countries. We then explore the...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Gender; Equity; Income; Technology; Innovation; Skills and knowledge

Keywords: Wage differential; Technological change; Skilled worker; Low skilled worker; Occupation; Data analysis

Geographic subjects: Europe

Published: Bonn, Germany: IZA, 2020

Physical description: 48 p.

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Series: IZA discussion paper; no. 13482

ISSN: 2365-9793

Resource type: Discussion paper

Document number: TD/TNC 141.475

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