Self-employment and migration

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Author: Giambra, Samuele; McKenzie, David


There is a widespread policy view that a lack of job opportunities at home is a key reason for migration, accompanied by suggestions of the need to spend more on creating these opportunities to reduce migration. Self-employment is widespread in poor countries, and faced with a lack of existing jobs, providing more opportunities for people to start businesses is a key policy option. But empirical evidence to support this idea is slight, and economic theory offers several reasons why the self-employed may be more likely to migrate. This paper puts together panel surveys from eight...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Migration; Labour market; Employment

Keywords: Economic factor; Self employment; Self employed; Employment creation; Labour mobility; Longitudinal data; Data analysis; Migration pattern; Employment pattern; Employment status; Benchmarking

Geographic subjects: China; India; Indonesia; Asia; Egypt; Nigeria; Tanzania; Africa; Mexico; United States; North America

Published: Washington, District of Columbia: World Bank, 2019

Physical description: 70 p.

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Resource type: Working paper

Call number: TD/TNC 138.119

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