The effect of parents' education and income on the educational attainment of childhood immigrants


Permanent URL for this page:



This paper asks to what extent parents' education and income are associated with the educational attainment of childhood immigrants who arrived in Canada at age 17 or younger. Childhood immigrants aged 25 to 44 in the 2016 Census were linked to the Longitudinal Immigration Database to determine their parents' education level and income. The results show that both fathers' and mothers' education had a substantial and positive effect on the likelihood of childhood immigrants completing a bachelor's degree or higher. If both parents had a bachelor's degree or higher, the effect was almost...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Migration; Students; Qualifications; Higher education; Tertiary education; Income; Outcomes; Statistics

Keywords: Immigration; Family; Educational level; Educational background; Attainment; Data analysis; Comparative analysis

Geographic subjects: Canada; North America

Published: Ottawa, Ontario: Statistics Canada, 2023

Physical description: 20 p.

Access item:

Series: Economic and social reports; vol. 3, no. 9, September 2023

ISSN: 2563-8955

Catalogue no. 36-28-0001

Resource type: Government report or paper

Document number: TD/TNC 154.64

Show Extra Info
QR Code for

Item File(s)

Download to Device