Scaling up and crowding out: how German adult education centers adapted course offers to refugee integration


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Author: Thomsen, Stephan L.; Weilage, Insa


Language skills are central to refugee integration and the availability of language courses could thus be a limiting factor. We explore how the most important provider of language courses in Germany, adult education centers (VHS), adapted their course supply to the refugee wave of 2015/2016. Our results highlight two channels through which the local environment can affect opportunities for participation in adult learning: First, exploiting the quasi-random allocation of refugees to counties, we causally estimate by how much VHS scaled up their German language course (DAF) supply as a...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Language; Adult and community education; Providers of education and training; Teaching and learning; Disadvantaged; Participation

Keywords: Refugees; Adult education; Education and training needs; Education and training opportunity; Skill needs; Adaptability

Geographic subjects: Germany; Europe

Published: Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 2023

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Journal title: Adult education quarterly

Journal volume: 73

Journal number: 1

Journal date: February 2023

Pages: pp. 60-80

ISSN: 0741-7136

Resource type: Article

Peer reviewed: Yes

Document number: TD/TNC 151.857

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