Key skills for the 21st century: an evidence-based review


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Author: Lamb, Stephen; Maire, Quentin; Doecke, Esther


In response to rapidly changing technologies, schools are often exhorted to redirect their energies to teaching '21st century skills', but these skills are hardly new. This report investigates the evidence for 21st century skills and how they might be best taught and assessed. Nine skills are common to most 21st century skills frameworks and the report examines the evidence for the transferability of these skills: critical thinking, creativity, metacognition, problem solving, collaboration, motivation, self-efficacy, conscientiousness and perseverance. The evidence is limited for how and...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Skills and knowledge; Technology; Teaching and learning; Assessment; Policy

Keywords: Generic skills; Transferable skill; Skill needs; Future; Employability; Schooling; Institutional role; Curriculum; Education and training needs; Literature review; Case study

Geographic subjects: Australia; New Zealand; Oceania; United States; Canada; North America; Finland; Europe

Published: Sydney, New South Wales: NSW Department of Education, 2017

Physical description: 70 p. (report) + 5 p. (executive summary)

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Resource type: Government report or paper

Document number: TD/TNC 132.817

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