Structural transformation in the OECD: digitalisation, deindustrialisation and the future of work


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Author: Berger, Thor; Frey, Carl Benedikt


In tandem with the diffusion of computer technologies, labour markets across the OECD have undergone rapid structural transformation. In this paper, [the authors examine]: (1) the impact of technological change on labour market outcomes since the computer revolution of the 1980s; and (2) recent developments in digital technology, including machine learning and robotics, and their potential impacts on the future of work. While it is evident that the composition of the workforce has shifted dramatically over recent decades, in part as a result of technological change, the impacts of...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Technology; Employment; Labour market; Outcomes; Policy; Skills and knowledge; Equity

Keywords: Technological change; Digitalisation; Workplace change; Work organisation; Employment creation; Labour utilisation; Job requirements; Skill needs; Human capital; Labour demand; Industrial restructuring; OECD country; History; Future; Trend; Social mobility; Equal opportunity; Policy implications

Geographic subjects: United States; North America

Published: Paris, France: OECD, 2016

Physical description: 52 p.

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ISSN: 1815-199X (online)

Resource type: Report, paper or authored book

Rights: Copyright OECD 2016. You can copy, download or print OECD content for your own use, and you can include excerpts from OECD publications, databases and multimedia products in your own documents, presentations, blogs, websites and teaching materials, provided that suitable acknowledgment of the source and copyright owner is given.

Document number: TD/TNC 127.345

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