National education systems and gender gaps in STEM occupational expectations


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Author: Han, Seong Won


This study examines associations between features of national education systems and the gender gap in [science, technology, engineering and mathematics] STEM-related occupational expectations across 49 countries. Using data from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), the study finds no association between uniformity of curricula at the national level (standardization) and the gender gap in STEM occupational expectations; in contrast, the availability of more school types at the secondary level (stratification) is associated with a larger gender gap in STEM occupational...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Skills and knowledge; Gender; Students; Teaching and learning; Career development; Governance

Keywords: Curriculum; Career choice; Skill development; STEM skills; Student interests; Education and training system

Published: Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2016

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Also called: National education systems and gender gaps in science, technology, engineering and mathematics occupational expectations

Journal volume: 49

Journal date: July 2016

Pages: pp. 175-187

ISSN: 0738-0593

Resource type: Article

Peer reviewed: Yes

Document number: TD/TNC 125.319

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