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A qualitative exploration of the STEM career-related outcome expectations of young adolescents

Perceptions developed and choices made during the preadolescent and early adolescent years may restrict or enrich youth's future career aspirations. These years are critical for acquiring and exploring academic and career-related interests. In addition, outcome expectations, what youth believe will happen if they pursue certain interests, tasks, or goals, are important predictors of eventual career choice. With national, state, and local initiatives advocating science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) knowledge and career goals, there is a need to understand youth's outcome expectations regarding these fields. [The authors] present a qualitative study examining the outcome expectations of 95 youth aged 10-14, using focus group data. Several of the identified outcome expectations had negative connotations. Results supported the outcome expectations identified by Bandura (i.e. physical, social, and self), and two additional types of outcome expectations (generativity and relational). These two outcome expectations have special relevance for the underrepresentation of girls, women, and minorities in STEM occupations.

Perceptions developed and choices made during the preadolescent and early adolescent years may restrict or enrich youth's ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Shoffner, Marie F.; Newsome, Debbie; Minton, Casey A. Barrio;
Date: 2015
Geographic subjects: United States; North America
Journal title: Journal of career development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Career development; Youth; Technology;

VITAL Object

Review of the Discipline of Engineering

The Review of the Discipline of Engineering was commissioned by the Tertiary Education Commission to review the current provision of professional engineering education and research in Australian engineering schools, and to report on future developments in engineering education in the light of industry and community requirements.

The Review of the Discipline of Engineering was commissioned by the Tertiary Education Commission to review the current ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Australia. Department of Employment, Education and Training (DEET)
Date: 1988
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Higher education; Providers of education and training; Teaching and learning;

VITAL Object

Report of the Discipline Review of Computing Studies and Information Sciences Education, volume 2: the main report [Hudson report]

This volume examines the information gathered on the nature and extent of provision of education in computing studies and information sciences, on demand for professionals, and on employer needs. The report discusses the major issues emerging from the Review, and reports the responses to the terms of reference, findings and recommendations.

This volume examines the information gathered on the nature and extent of provision of education in computing studies and ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Australia. Department of Employment, Education and Training (DEET)
Australia. Department of Industry, Technology and Commerce (DITC)
Information Industries Education and Training Foundation (Australia)
Date: 1992
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Higher education; Providers of education and training; Teaching and learning;

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Learning to labour: an evaluation of internships and employability in the ICT sector

The employability of graduates is often reduced to lists of de-contextualised skills that graduates may or may not have and which may or may not translate to prized graduate positions. Recently, internships have become the way in which graduates acquire and demonstrate work-readiness to potential employers. This article examines a particular type of internship in the [information and communications technology] ICT sector, namely placements incorporated in degree education. The findings suggest that while internships can enhance employability and indeed be a mechanism for accessing permanent jobs, more often, instead of 'learning to labour', interns are expected to be productive workers. A mini labour market operates at the undergraduate level that advantages those already possessed of the required soft skills. The emphasis on soft skills signals a shift in the nature of ICT work with attendant implications for education of workers in this sector, revealed by anchoring employability to particular labour process(es).

The employability of graduates is often reduced to lists of de-contextualised skills that graduates may or may not have and ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Chillas, Shiona; Marks, Abigail; Galloway, Laura
Date: 2015
Journal title: New technology, work and employment
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Employment; Industry; Technology;

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Study of employability and needed skills for LIS graduates

This paper discusses the employability of [library and information science] LIS graduates, its trend, and the skills needed to enhance employability. It is based on a study conducted on the employability of LIS graduates of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda over a period of 10 years. Findings show that employability of LIS graduates is nearly 100 per cent. Employability trends can be traced to changes in the nature of employers, salary and designation in recent years. Further, communication skills and [information technology] IT skills are found to be very indispensable employability skills that the LIS graduates should possess. This finding has implications towards regular revamping of LIS curriculum design in a way that would enable the LIS graduates to meet the expectations of [the] changing information job market.

This paper discusses the employability of [library and information science] LIS graduates, its trend, and the skills needed ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Pradhan, Sanghamitra
Date: 2015
Geographic subjects: India; Asia
Journal title: Journal of library and information technology
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Students; Employment; Industry;

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New vision for education: unlocking the potential of technology

The New Vision for Education project examines the pressing issue of skills gaps and explores ways to address these gaps through technology. The key learnings include: education needs to address the 21st-century skills fully in order to prepare students for the evolving job market; education gaps exist between the developed and developing world, and countries vary on their respective outcome on 21st-century skill performance; technology, once integrated holistically for targeted problems, has the potential to help education better address these gaps; [and a] multistakeholder approach is required to fully realize the potential of technology to innovate education for the future.

The New Vision for Education project examines the pressing issue of skills gaps and explores ways to address these gaps ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: World Economic Forum
Date: 2015
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Skills and knowledge; Technology; Teaching and learning;

VITAL Object

Issues and challenges of technical and vocational education and training in Malaysia for knowledge worker driven

Many Asian countries are fast adopting the new and emerging technologies in industry and agriculture including Malaysia. The new technologies, in general, need a higher knowledge based system and would require enormous technical skills. This has a profound effect on the employment, education and training of technical manpower as well as in the training of [technical and vocational education and training] TVET. To move up the value chain to become a high-income economy, skilled workforce is vital in achieving this goal. As a result, it is important to increase the enrolment in TVET and raise the overall training quality. This paper will discuss the overview and the course of TVET in Malaysia. The main thrust of this paper is to highlight the challenges that overlay the implementation of TVET in Malaysia. Hence, the development of knowledge worker (K-worker) will be realized.

Many Asian countries are fast adopting the new and emerging technologies in industry and agriculture including Malaysia. The ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Ismail, Affero; Hassan, Razali
Conference name: National Conference on Engineering Technology
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Malaysia; Asia
Resource type: Conference
Subjects: Vocational education and training; Skills and knowledge; Technology;

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Relevance of computer assisted instruction (CAI) for effective skill development among technology education students in Nigeria

The main purpose of the study reported is to show how computer assisted instruction (CAI) has significantly impacted on all aspects of our lives particularly on education, it has radically influenced the way knowledge and information are generated, developed and transmitted in technology education. Every technology teacher must be acquainted with how to apply CAI in teaching technology education programme since teachers have a vital role in trainees skill development. Therefore, this study was designed to determine [the] relevance of computer assisted instruction for effective skill development among technology education students in Nigeria. A descriptive survey research design was adopted. The study was guided by two research questions and two hypotheses, tested at 0.05 per cent level of significance. The respondents for the study comprised of 310 technology vocational teachers. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the research questions, while t-test statistics was employed to test the hypotheses. The findings of the study among others revealed that technology vocational teachers should be skilful in using CAI in the production of teaching materials that can be used in developing appropriate skills, incorporate the use of media and technology for teaching where appropriate and technology vocational teachers teaching and managing courses through web-based system. It was recommended that [the] federal government should ensure that [the] policy statement regarding the provision of necessary infrastructure and training for use of computer[s] in the school system is effectively implemented and making it mandatory for technology vocational teachers in developing computer skills needed in [the] classroom environment. This could be achieved through adequate financial provision for tools and resources.

The main purpose of the study reported is to show how computer assisted instruction (CAI) has significantly impacted on all ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Olabiyi, O. S.; Aiyelabowo, O. P.; Keshinro, O. T.
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Africa; Nigeria
Journal title: Journal of education and practice
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Providers of education and training; Workforce development; Technology

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Bridging the gap between work and education in vocational education and training: a study of Norwegian apprenticeship training offices and e-portfolio systems

This article explores the effect that the use of e-portfolios initiated and organized by apprenticeship training offices has had on the learning processes and assessment practices of apprentices in Norwegian vocational education and training. Although these intermediate structures have the potential to bridge the gap between work and education, they seem to maintain a system of two parallel learning arenas. However, the article summarizes the innovative effects of these transformations as supportive structures for expansive apprenticeship. The study is based on data from a national project on quality assessment, which is supported by documentary evidence from e-portfolios in three different trades: plumbing, industrial mechanics and sales.

This article explores the effect that the use of e-portfolios initiated and organized by apprenticeship training offices has ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Nore, Haege; Lahn, Leif Christian
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Norway; Europe
Journal title: International journal for research in vocational education and training
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Apprenticeship; Innovation; Teaching and learning;

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Using demonstration method to enhance the performance of first year High National Diploma (HND) secretarial students of Accra Polytechnic in typewriting

It was intended to enhance the poor performance of typewriting students by providing answers to questions relating to improvement, or otherwise in some specific techniques of typewriting. The researcher made use of interview, questionnaire and observation to identify the problem associated with typewriting in relation to students, lecturers and administration to collect data for the study. There was also the introduction of an intervention. The analysis showed that students do not practice, or take typewriting seriously, more also, there are not enough typewriters. Some students think typewriting is like any other subject and treat it as such. There has been changing of teachers every now and then and the methods of teaching and learning vary from one teacher to another. Again equipment is insufficient and those available not in good condition. These frustrate students so they do not perform well. The interventions used were demonstration and discussion methods. As the teacher implemented these designs, it was realized that the performance of students had improved tremendously and as such an extra period was also added to reinforce practical work. The results of the study indicated that reinforcement and counselling could be used as other interventions for improving the work output.

It was intended to enhance the poor performance of typewriting students by providing answers to questions relating to ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Afriyie, Emelia Ohene
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Africa; Ghana
Journal title: Journal of education and practice
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Vocational education and training; Students; Teaching and learning;

VITAL Object