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Advanced manufacturing: a smarter approach for Australia

In this chapter, the author proposes that advanced manufacturing is about the approach to creating value around any manufactured product. He argues that, even though sound macroeconomic policies such as taxation settings and regulatory reform underpin the growth of advanced manufacturing in Australia, skills, collaboration and innovation are also important. He recommends improvements in the skills and knowledge of manufacturing employees, in the relationship between industry and research institutions and in the perception of manufacturing in Australia for the success of the industry.

In this chapter, the author proposes that advanced manufacturing is about the approach to creating value around any ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Willox, Innes
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania
Resource type: Book chapter
Subjects: Industry; Economics; Skills and knowledge;

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Next Gen: next steps

Only two years after publication, the ‘Next Gen’ review has influenced policy, rallied industry and galvanised educators to improve computer science teaching. This paper identifies further findings and reports on how recommendations in the 2011 review have been addressed and implemented. Further recommendations that build upon the imperatives of Next Gen include: (1) learners should be able to develop and apply computer science and other digital skills across the curriculum, at all Key Stages; (2) the Department for Education and schools should address shortfalls to [science, technology, engineering, and mathematics] STEM and creative subjects participation by supporting interdisciplinary learning through making, exploring and/or inquiry which ties in ‘real-world’ applications; (3) the digital industries and professional organisations should increase and diversify the range of opportunities available for learners to build their programming and digital skills in formal and informal educational settings.

Only two years after publication, the ‘Next Gen’ review has influenced policy, rallied industry and galvanised educators to ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (NESTA)
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Paper
Subjects: Industry; Technology; Skills and knowledge;

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Productivity concepts and policy directions

During the 1990s Australia and other major developed economies experienced strong growth in measured productivity. In Australia's case, this is often attributed to a combination of the microeconomic reforms of the 1980s and 1990s and the rapid uptake of new enabling technologies - especially information and communication technologies (ICT). Since the new millennium, however, measured productivity growth in Australia and across the developed world has slowed markedly. Since the new millennium Australian incomes have been boosted by the record-high terms of trade associated with the once-in-a-generation mining boom. The 'Millennium Mining Boom' also accelerated the structural change that was already under way across other sectors of the Australian economy, especially in manufacturing. Despite this significant income boost, productivity remains the single most important determinant of income over the long term. In this paper [the authors] describe the concept of productivity in plain English and show how it relates to policy directions in Australia. While the basic idea behind productivity is simple enough, the practical difficulties in its measurement and in establishing the drivers behind measured productivity trends give rise to a range of alternative interpretations. The relevant data and information are often limited or lacking. As a result, there seems to be little agreement about what, if anything, should be done on the policy front about the recent slowing of Australia's measured productivity growth.

During the 1990s Australia and other major developed economies experienced strong growth in measured productivity. In ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Bucifal, Stan
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania
Resource type: Working paper
Series name: DIISRTE working paper
Subjects: Performance; Policy; Technology;

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Human capital on the high seas: job mobility and returns to technical skill during industrialization

This paper examines the effects of engineer-oriented and technical experience on job mobility during an era known for its rapid technological and capital advancements: the late 19th and early 20th century. Using longitudinal data on British and American naval officer- and engineer-careers, [the authors] demonstrate how 'ceteris paribus' increases in the distribution of current earnings decrease the probability of job switching. [The authors] also show how different forms of technical experience affect probabilities of job switching. Combining both insights and following a Topel and Ward (1992) based framework, [the authors] find various rates of return on engineering and technical experience comparable to rates of return found today. These are the earliest historic estimates of returns to any type of technical skill for an advanced economy.

This paper examines the effects of engineer-oriented and technical experience on job mobility during an era known for its ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Glaser, Darrell J.; Rahman, Ahmed S.
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Europe; Great Britain; North America;
Resource type: Paper
Subjects: Skills and knowledge; Labour market; Technology;

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Key enabling technologies

This chapter discusses the impact of key enabling technologies (KET) such as information and communication technology (ICT) and the Industrial Internet on advanced manufacturers in Australia and the positive impact these can have on a firm's productivity, competitiveness, responsiveness and ability to customise products, factors which are crucial for a successful advanced manufacturing sector.

This chapter discusses the impact of key enabling technologies (KET) such as information and communication technology (ICT) ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Mak, Swee
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania
Resource type: Book chapter
Subjects: Technology; Industry; Economics;

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Handbook of the recognition of prior learning: research into practice

Recognition of prior learning (RPL) is emerging as a distinct area of academic research with a growing body of scholarly literature. This handbook, organised thematically, consolidates the major research findings of experienced RPL researchers from around the world, identifying future research directions and drawing together evidence-based implications for policy and practice.

Recognition of prior learning (RPL) is emerging as a distinct area of academic research with a growing body of scholarly ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Harris, Judy; Wihak, Christine; Van Kleef, Joy
Date: 2014
Resource type: Book
Subjects: Pathways; Higher education; Skills and knowledge;

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Increasing access through mobile learning

As the use of mobile devices increases, so is interest in harnessing their power for education and training. Mobile learning (mLearning) is an emerging field that, with the availability of open educational resources and rapid growth of mobile technologies, has immense potential to revolutionise education - in the classroom, in the workplace, and for informal learning, wherever that may be. With mLearning, education becomes accessible and affordable for everyone. This book contributes to the advancement of the mLearning field by presenting comprehensive, up-to-date information about its current state and emerging potential. The book will help educators and trainers in designing, developing and implementing high-quality mLearning curricula, materials and delivery modes that use the latest mobile applications and technologies. The 16 chapters, written by 30 contributors from around the world, address a wide range of topics, from operational practicalities and best practices to challenges and future opportunities. Researchers studying the use of mLearning in education and training, including as a means of supporting lifelong learning, will also find the experiences shared in this book to be of particular interest.

As the use of mobile devices increases, so is interest in harnessing their power for education and training. Mobile learning ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Ally, Mohamed; Tsinakos, Avgoustos
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: India; Asia; Singapore;
Resource type: Book
Series name: Perspectives on open and distance learning
Subjects: Technology; Teaching and learning; Equity;

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Advanced manufacturing: beyond the production line

Over the next decade, Australia will need to realise additional sources of income and employment to support long term economic growth, particularly in the non-resources sector. A potential source of growth is in advanced manufacturing. This book examines where Australia’s opportunities for advanced manufacturing lie and how they can play a role in supporting Australia’s long-term growth. It includes a proposed reform agenda which outlines 14 key areas that should be addressed under the umbrella of an ‘Advanced manufacturing industry plan’. The contents are: Executive summary; CEDA overview / Sarah-Jane Derby; The constantly changing manufacturing context / Goran Roos; Advanced manufacturing global value chains and policy implications / Jane Drake-Brockman; Advanced manufacturing: a smarter approach for Australia / Innex Wilcox; META: creating the engine for an advanced manufacturing industry in Australia / Albert Goller; Key enabling technologies.

Over the next decade, Australia will need to realise additional sources of income and employment to support long term ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Committee for Economic Development of Australia (CEDA)
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania
Resource type: Book
Subjects: Industry; Skills and knowledge; Economics;

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Retirement intentions in the presence of technological change: theory and evidence from France

This paper investigates the role of productivity as a determinant of the worker's retirement intentions. Using an overlapping generation framework, [the authors] analyze the retirement decision of a cohort of workers being ability heterogeneous. The labor market is endogenously segmented between workers having the required ability level to occupy jobs where the productivity is indexed to the technological state via on-the-job training (complex jobs) and the rest of workers, who are employed in positions where productivity is relatively deteriorated in case of technological change due to the absence of on-the-job training (simple jobs). In case of technological change, workers in complex jobs delay their retirement date, whereas workers in simple positions will not modify their retirement decision unless taxes change. Using data from France, [the authors] find that after a technological change, older workers who benefit from a skill upgrading training program have a higher intended retirement age.

This paper investigates the role of productivity as a determinant of the worker's retirement intentions. Using an ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Messe, Pierre-Jean; Moreno-Galbis, Eva; Wolff, Francois-Charles
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: France; Europe
Journal title: IZA journal of labor economics
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Employment; Performance; Technology;

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Assessing professional teaching standards in practicum using digital technologies with Aboriginal and other pre-service teachers

The extent to which pre-service teachers undertaking practicum in remote/regional locations are able to share knowledge about teaching practice, standards and quality relies on overcoming challenges of inexperience, distance, technology and culture. This report details how three universities supported Aboriginal and other cohorts of pre-service teachers (PSTs) to evidence and self-assess their professional teaching standards during their practicums in schools with substantial Aboriginal populations. The students used digital technologies to enhance and document their achievement of standards and to develop a professional learning community of PSTs willing to develop inter-cultural relationships and share knowledge about teacher practice. Key issues addressed in this report include ways PSTs made judgments about their own practices while undertaking practicum, how they selected evidence to demonstrate professional standards and how they represented their professional self in the public arena. The dispersed cohorts, institutions and practicum communities involved in the project benefited from using digital technologies to promote collegial collaboration, bridge geographical distances and facilitate developing meaningful feedback, self-reflection and self-assessment practices in relation to attaining professional teaching standards.

The extent to which pre-service teachers undertaking practicum in remote/regional locations are able to share knowledge ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Vozzo, L.; Hatton, C.; Reid, J.;
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Technology; Indigenous people; Demographics;

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