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The representation of minority, female, and non-traditional STEM majors in the online environment at community colleges: a nationally representative study

Using data from more than 2,000 community college science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors in the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study, this research investigates how ethnicity, gender, non-traditional student risk factors, academic preparation, socio-economic status, and English-as-second-language/citizenship status relate to online course enrollment patterns. Even after controlling for other factors, Blacks and Hispanics (Black and Hispanic men, in particular) were significantly underrepresented in online courses, women were significantly overrepresented, and students with non-traditional student risk factors (delayed enrollment, no high school diploma, part-time enrollment, financially independent, have dependents, single-parent status, and working full-time) were significantly more likely to enroll online. However, although ethnicity, gender, and non-traditional factors were all important predictors for both two- and four-year STEM majors, at community colleges, ethnicity and gender were more important predictors of online enrollment than non-traditional characteristics, which is the opposite pattern observed at four-year colleges.

Using data from more than 2,000 community college science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors in the ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Wladis, Claire; Hachey, Alyse C.; Conway, Katherine M.
Date: 2015
Geographic subjects: United States; North America
Journal title: Community college review
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Students; Gender; Demographics;

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Changing configurations of adult education in transitional times: conference proceedings

This volume contains papers presented at the European Society for Research on the Education of Adults (ESREA) 2013 conference held at Humboldt University in Berlin.

This volume contains papers presented at the European Society for Research on the Education of Adults (ESREA) 2013 ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Kapplinger, Bernd; Lichte, Nina; Haberzeth, Erik;
Conference name: European Research Conference
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Europe; Great Britain; Spain;
Resource type: Conference
Subjects: Adult and community education; Students; Higher education;

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Harnessing the potential of ICTs for literacy teaching and learning: effective literacy and numeracy programmes using radio, tv, mobile phones, tablets, and computers

The examples of literacy and numeracy programmes included in this compilation confirm that the use of [information and communications technologies] ICTs to support the acquisition and further development of reading, writing and numeracy skills is usually part of broader blended learning strategies. Traditional classroom teaching and learning approaches are complemented by self-directed learning, where learners can practice and progress at their individual pace, at their own time, and in different places. These strategies contain also possibilities for learners to interact with each other and share the learning experience from different places. A number of programmes featured in this selection are enabling learners to connect with each other and exchange information about health, nutrition, religion and other important day-to-day topics or to coordinate their community development activities. These inspiring programmes arose from different cultural backgrounds and are transferable to a variety of contexts.

The examples of literacy and numeracy programmes included in this compilation confirm that the use of [information and ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Hanemann, Ulrike
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Africa; Cabo Verde; Kenya;
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Technology; Research; Literacy;

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Learning in developing countries: implications for workforce training and development in Africa

The implementation of e-learning as a strategy has risen exponentially over the last 20 years as more adults use this medium to enhance their skills and acquire knowledge. The utilization of technology offers significant advantages to both learners and organizations in terms of cost, time and rich learning content. E-learning has been widely adopted in the western world, and companies and organizations in developing countries are increasingly taking advantage of e-learning tools to support education and skill upgrade of their workforce as a mechanism to compete in an increasingly global economy. E-learning has taken root in several African countries with the explosion of communications tools, internet and mobile technology. This perspective on practice addresses three key issues of e-learning in Africa: (a) the adoption of e-learning in developing African countries; (b) the available e-learning resources and practices; and (c) the implications of e-learning on workforce training and development.

The implementation of e-learning as a strategy has risen exponentially over the last 20 years as more adults use this medium ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Arthur-Mensah, Nana; Shuck, Brad
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Africa
Journal title: New horizons in adult education and human resource development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Technology; Economics;

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Making industry grade technologies available for training

Acuto was commissioned to undertake this research project, funded by the Australian Government's Flexible Learning Advisory Group, into strategies to make existing high technology, industry grade facilities, programs and/or technologies more generally available for training. This report provides a qualitative analysis of the nature and type of these specialist facilities, their applicability to wider user access and inferences regarding strategies to facilitate access and overcome any barriers to their wider utilisation. The purpose of the study is to identify: What specialised industry technologies/e-learning resources are currently in use in the training sector and how broad is the access to those resources? Whether there are specialised industry technologies that are currently only available to industry and if so, how they might be of use for training. What potential is there to facilitate access to those specialised industry resources and facilities for the widest possible user base? What possibilities are created in terms of virtual environments and video technologies in the context of increased availability of broadband connectivity? Whether there are specific software or hardware requirements to access the resources and facilities and if so, what might be the associated costs? What barriers are there to accessing the resources and facilities from both a technical and non-technical perspective? Any suggestions for overcoming the barriers to accessing the resources and facilities.

Acuto was commissioned to undertake this research project, funded by the Australian Government's Flexible Learning Advisory ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Acuto (Firm)
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania
Resource type: Report
Series name: National VET E-learning Strategy
Subjects: Technology; Teaching and learning; Research;

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Firefighter training in Sweden: from face-to-face learning in training grounds to distance learning - a challenge for exercise instructors?

When distance learning supported by digital technologies was introduced in firefighter training in Sweden some years ago, training exercise instructors accustomed to face-to-face teaching in the field had to adapt their professional roles to an electronic landscape with a number of new opportunities and constraints. Based on activity theory and comparisons between campus and distance mode, this study was aimed at increasing the understanding of how the training exercise instructor role is affected by the shift towards technology-enhanced distance learning. An analysis of interviews with instructors and students, and observations of response exercises, show that contradictions are emerging in the distance mode between instructors' motives, their technology tools and the object of the training they provide, and also between the two types of training, that is, the campus and the distance modes. Structural tensions and personal motives contribute to changes in the division of labour with instructors tending to adopt a much more passive role in the distance mode compared to their more active role in the campus mode.

When distance learning supported by digital technologies was introduced in firefighter training in Sweden some years ago, ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Holmgren, Robert
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Sweden; Europe
Journal title: Technology, pedagogy and education
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Providers of education and training; Industry;

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Does supply always come on the heels of demand?: matches and mismatches in e-learning

Developing sustainable e-learning requires a better understanding of the perceptions and preferences of e-learning providers and e-learners on the four crucial dimensions for e-learning success including pedagogies, technologies, learning resources and management of learning resources. There is, however, little research on evaluating whether these critical dimensions are perceived as critical by e-learning providers and e-learners. To address this issue, this study investigates the gap between e-learners' and e-learning providers' perceptions and preferences on these critical dimensions for e-learning effectiveness. Such an investigation paves the way for developing appropriate measures to reduce the gap between the supply and the demand for sustainable e-learning.

Developing sustainable e-learning requires a better understanding of the perceptions and preferences of e-learning providers ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Sridharan, Bhavani; Deng, Hepu; Kinshuk
Date: 2014
Journal title: Issues in educational research
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Outcomes; Providers of education and training;

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Users' perspectives on tour-guide training courses using 3D tourist sites

Taiwan is currently attempting to develop itself into a 21st century tourist hub to take advantage of today's thriving global tourism economy. In the coming years, Taiwan anticipates an urgent demand for tour guides, and there is a clear need for training solutions that can serve a rapidly growing population. Computer-mediated virtual [three dimensional] 3D situated tourist sites (3D-STS) may provide an efficient solution. This study investigates users' perspectives on a specially developed tour-guide training course employing 3D-STS technology. After participants completed the course, their responses to a survey questionnaire and follow-up interviews were compiled for statistical analysis. The results indicated that the overall experience of 3D-STS was satisfactory for trainees and showed a significant difference in the perspectives on 3D-STS of male and female trainees. However, one essential limitation of the study, that is, insufficient familiarity with the multiple advanced technologies, must be acknowledged. This could be a major obstacle for some users, interfering with their ability to access and process e-learning content. For more effective training outcomes for tour guides, the dynamic nature of 3D-STS as well as the characteristics of course content for tour guides should be considered carefully.

Taiwan is currently attempting to develop itself into a 21st century tourist hub to take advantage of today's thriving ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Chen, Yu-Fen; Mo, Huai-en
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Taiwan; Asia
Journal title: Australasian journal of educational technology
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Technology; Teaching and learning; Traineeship;

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Policy and barriers related to implementing adult e-learning in Taiwan

The work quality of public servants directly affects a country's administrative performance, and the Taiwan government has recently invested a considerable amount of funds in constructing e-government learning platforms and developing digital courses to provide all public servants with sufficient on-the-job training and enhance the quality of human resources. Therefore, the circumstances under which public servants use e-government learning platforms warrant investigation. In this study, questionnaires were used to collect data for quantitative research, and a theoretical model was created to clarify the impact of 'barrier factors' and 'policy factors' on e-government learning. These factors have been examined inadequately in previous research on the theory of e-learning behaviour. The results presented here show that barrier factors and policy factors strongly influence the willingness of public servants to use e-learning systems, and these factors explain more than 80 per cent of the variance in users' behavioural intention. These results revealed the characteristics of the research participants, and the findings can be used as a reference in future studies and by management agencies responsible for providing e-government learning. Furthermore, these results might facilitate further research on and the practice of adult e-learning.

The work quality of public servants directly affects a country's administrative performance, and the Taiwan government has ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Chung, Hsiu-Ying; Lee, Gwo-Guang; Liu, Shih-Hwa
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Taiwan; Asia
Journal title: Australian journal of adult learning
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Lifelong learning; Adult and community education;

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Sustaining e-learning innovations: literature review

This literature review provides a brief overview of what was discovered from an examination of past research that might guide the authors' investigation of the evidence around sustained e-learning innovations in Australian vocational education and training (VET) organisations.

This literature review provides a brief overview of what was discovered from an examination of past research that might ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Callan, Victor J.; Bowman, Kaye
Date: 2010
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Vocational education and training; Teaching and learning; Innovation;

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