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Promise and/or peril: MOOCs and open and distance education

This paper provides an introduction to [massive open online course] MOOCs with a special focus on distance educators and institutions. The paper begins with a short description of the characteristic of the four words included in the MOOC acronym and then tries to show how each contributes to the complexity of this education phenomena. The paper concludes with discussions of MOOC business models and the implications for open and distance education institutions.

This paper provides an introduction to [massive open online course] MOOCs with a special focus on distance educators and ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Anderson, Terry
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: United States; North America
Resource type: Paper
Subjects: Technology; Teaching and learning; Higher education;

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Initial trends in enrolment and completion of massive open online courses

The past two years have seen rapid development of massive open online courses (MOOCs) with the rise of a number of MOOC platforms. The scale of enrolment and participation in the earliest mainstream MOOC courses has garnered a good deal of media attention. However, data about how the enrolment and completion figures have changed since the early courses is not consistently released. This paper seeks to draw together the data that has found its way into the public domain in order to explore factors affecting enrolment and completion. The average MOOC course is found to enroll around 43,000 students, 6.5 per cent of whom complete the course. Enrolment numbers are decreasing over time and are positively correlated with course length. Completion rates are consistent across time, university rank, and total enrolment, but negatively correlated with course length. This study provides a more detailed view of trends in enrolment and completion than was available previously, and a more accurate view of how the MOOC field is developing.

The past two years have seen rapid development of massive open online courses (MOOCs) with the rise of a number of MOOC ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Jordan, Katy
Date: 2014
Journal title: International review of research in open and distance learning
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Participation; Higher education; Outcomes;

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Distance learning in adult basic education: a review of the literature

The purpose of this literature review is to provide background information about distance learning (DL) in adult basic education (ABE), specifically, to identify program design and policy implications to inform the use of [distance education] DE for [general educational development] GED students in rural Pennsylvania. Adult educators have long sought to encourage greater participation in, and more equitable access to, educational opportunities for adult learners. This literature review examines how DE can help adult educators address issues of equity and participation, especially in rural areas with restricted educational opportunities. In Pennsylvania, for example, rural residents tend to have lower educational attainment and more limited access to adult education services than their urban counterparts.

The purpose of this literature review is to provide background information about distance learning (DL) in adult basic ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Gungor, Ramazan; Prins, Esther
Date: 2011
Geographic subjects: United States; North America
Resource type: Paper
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Research; Adult and community education;

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Disruptive education: technology-enabled universities

This report examines technology-enabled higher education in general, with a focus on massive open online courses (MOOCs) in particular. Australia's successful export model of international education has come under stress since the global financial crisis, with improved quality in overseas universities and a high Australian dollar diminishing Australia's advantages over universities in other English-speaking countries. Changing technology may offer other opportunities for Australian universities to grow and engage with clients.

This report examines technology-enabled higher education in general, with a focus on massive open online courses (MOOCs) in ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Gallagher, Sean; Garrett, Geoffrey
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Technology; Higher education; Teaching and learning;

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Mobile learning for colleges of education in Nigeria: an educational analysis

The world has passed through different phases of technology enhanced learning ranging from distance learning to mobile learning, an extension of e-learning. Currently, attention is drawn towards location-aware, context-aware and ubiquitous learning systems. The slow pace of development in Nigeria has hindered technologically enhanced learning in institutions of higher learning. The purpose of this paper was to assess the status of mobile learning in institutions of higher learning in Nigeria. The study adopted a theoretical approach by reviewing the possibilities and applications of mobile learning systems globally and in particular Nigeria.

The world has passed through different phases of technology enhanced learning ranging from distance learning to mobile ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Chaka, John G.; Govender, Irene
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Africa; Nigeria
Journal title: Mediterranean journal of social sciences
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Providers of education and training; Higher education;

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Space and time to engage: mature-aged distance students learn to fit study into their lives

Student engagement, a student's emotional, behavioural and cognitive connection to their study, is widely recognised as important for student achievement. Influenced by a wide range of personal, structural and sociocultural factors, engagement is both unique and subjective. One important structural factor shown in past research to be a barrier for distance students is access to quality space and time.

Student engagement, a student's emotional, behavioural and cognitive connection to their study, is widely recognised as ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Kahu, Ella R.; Stephens, Christine; Zepke, Nick;
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: New Zealand; Oceania
Journal title: International journal of lifelong education
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Participation; Teaching and learning; Students;

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Journal of learning for development

Published in electronic form only, this peer-reviewed journal provides a forum for the publication of research with a focus on innovation in learning, in particular but not exclusively open and distance learning, and its contribution to development. Content includes interventions that change social and/or economic relations, especially in terms of improving equity. The journal publishes research and case studies from researchers, scholars and practitioners, and seeks to engage a broad audience across that spectrum. It aims to encourage contributors starting their careers, as well as to publish the work of established and senior scholars from the Commonwealth and beyond.

Published in electronic form only, this peer-reviewed journal provides a forum for the publication of research with a focus ...  Show Full Abstract  

Date: 2014
Resource type: Journal
Subjects: Research; Teaching and learning; Innovation;

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Curricular innovation and digitisation at a mega university in the developing world: the UNISA ‘Signature Course’ project

As part of the endeavor to reposition itself in the open distance and e-learning arena, the University of South Africa (UNISA) has designed and developed six modular courses (one module per College) referred to as ‘Signature Courses’. The focus of these modules is on a student-centred online teaching and learning approach; extensive student online mentoring and support; and alternative online assessment practices, while also developing prototypes for fully online courses as the University advances in its digitisation objectives. This paper presents a case study of the achievements of the project thus far. It reports challenges the project has been facing and anticipates the trajectory the University will be following in the future as it moves decisively towards online teaching and learning.

As part of the endeavor to reposition itself in the open distance and e-learning arena, the University of South Africa ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Baijnath, Narend
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Africa; South Africa
Journal title: Journal of learning for development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Higher education; Providers of education and training; Teaching and learning;

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A Bhutanese tertiary education consultancy case study: introducing the institutional zone of proximal development

This paper identifies an overarching strategy that consultants can use to focus institutional level development work: the institutional zone of proximal development (IZPD). The paper explicates the IZPD concept following Vygotsky (1978). The case study of distance education course development in tertiary education in Bhutan illustrates the six processes within the IZPD that supported successful implementation. Evidence showed that the consultancy had contributed to the institutionalisation of change. Three implications for consultants using the IZPD are presented. The concept of the IZPD is new to the development literature.

This paper identifies an overarching strategy that consultants can use to focus institutional level development work: the ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Maxwell, Tom W.; Namgay
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Bhutan; Asia
Journal title: International journal of educational development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Research; Higher education; Teaching and learning

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Informal learning and non-formal education for development

[This] article examines the issues of open, distance and technology-based informal learning and non-formal education for individual and community development. It argues that these two modes of education, which are estimated to constitute 70-90 per cent of lifelong learning, are insufficiently represented in the literature of open and distance learning and development. To ensure that these forms of provision take their rightful place alongside the mainstream systems of formal education, it is posited that far more research and evaluation is needed in order to demonstrate their potential and evidence quality in their outputs, outcomes and impacts.

[This] article examines the issues of open, distance and technology-based informal learning and non-formal education for ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Latchem, Colin
Date: 2014
Journal title: Journal of learning for development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Providers of education and training; Adult and community education;

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