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A Bhutanese tertiary education consultancy case study: introducing the institutional zone of proximal development

This paper identifies an overarching strategy that consultants can use to focus institutional level development work: the institutional zone of proximal development (IZPD). The paper explicates the IZPD concept following Vygotsky (1978). The case study of distance education course development in tertiary education in Bhutan illustrates the six processes within the IZPD that supported successful implementation. Evidence showed that the consultancy had contributed to the institutionalisation of change. Three implications for consultants using the IZPD are presented. The concept of the IZPD is new to the development literature.

This paper identifies an overarching strategy that consultants can use to focus institutional level development work: the ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Maxwell, Tom W.; Namgay
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Bhutan; Asia
Journal title: International journal of educational development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Research; Higher education; Teaching and learning

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Informal learning and non-formal education for development

[This] article examines the issues of open, distance and technology-based informal learning and non-formal education for individual and community development. It argues that these two modes of education, which are estimated to constitute 70-90 per cent of lifelong learning, are insufficiently represented in the literature of open and distance learning and development. To ensure that these forms of provision take their rightful place alongside the mainstream systems of formal education, it is posited that far more research and evaluation is needed in order to demonstrate their potential and evidence quality in their outputs, outcomes and impacts.

[This] article examines the issues of open, distance and technology-based informal learning and non-formal education for ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Latchem, Colin
Date: 2014
Journal title: Journal of learning for development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Providers of education and training; Adult and community education;

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The role distance learning has to play in offender education

This article looks into the uses of digital and online tools in distance learning to improve literacy and numeracy of offenders in New Zealand prisons. Looking at the benefits and restrictions of digital education within the prison environment, this article discusses the solutions that Open Polytechnic, in partnership with the the New Zealand Government, has put in place to give prisoners further opportunity for rehabilitation, and ultimately prepare them for re-entry into society, the workforce or further study.

This article looks into the uses of digital and online tools in distance learning to improve literacy and numeracy of ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Seelig, Caroline; Rate, Leanne
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; New Zealand
Journal title: Journal of learning for development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Literacy; Numeracy;

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Increasing access to science oriented programmes in tertiary institutions in Ghana through distance education

An initiative in Science and Technology disciplines was introduced to expand access to [Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology] KNUST programmes by distance. This study examined the level of access and challenges faced by learners in science oriented programmes offered by distance in KNUST. Analysis of data from 120 learners and eight facilitators from three programmes indicated that the top-up programmes by distance increased enrolment and participation of learners. There were high rates of students' persistence in the various programmes attributed to strong personal determination to succeed in achieving higher academic status, availability of learning materials for courses and support from family members. Lack of time as a result of work activities to delays in receiving course materials among students, and short contact hours to low remuneration for facilitators were challenges faced by respondents.

An initiative in Science and Technology disciplines was introduced to expand access to [Kwame Nkrumah University of Science ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Osei, Collins Kwabena; Mensah, Joseph Addinyia
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Africa; Ghana
Journal title: Journal of learning for development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Higher education; Providers of education and training; Students;

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Modeling the determinants of student retention in distance education institutions

This study, which explored the impact of student expectation and university reputation associated with student satisfaction and retention, was mainly aimed at identifying the probable factors used to determine and verify student retention based on their experience in Universitas Terbuka, and to pinpoint the most influential factor(s) related to it. Respondents were students who registered in 2012 at the Faculty of Social and Political Science, the Faculty of Economics, and the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, and who had been enrolled in at least two previous semesters at the relevant faculty. The instruments were applied to congregate responses from students to ascertain what factors would be in agreement on student retention.

This study, which explored the impact of student expectation and university reputation associated with student satisfaction ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Sembiring, Maximus Gorky
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Indonesia; Asia
Journal title: International journal of continuing education and lifelong learning
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Higher education; Participation; Outcomes;

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New strategies and advances in China's open and distance education

The rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT) is transforming the entire world. The application of Internet technology has become a strategic choice for educational reform and development in every country around the world. Within the domain of open and distance education, one of China's key strategies and choices has been to establish and successfully manage the Open University of China (OUC). This paper is oriented towards the overall planning and thinking of successfully operating the OUC from the perspectives of making full use of cloud computing, and developing a new online teaching and learning model and quality assurance system for open and distance education.

The rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT) is transforming the entire world. The application of ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Zhijian, Yang
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: China; Asia
Journal title: International journal of continuing education and lifelong learning
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Providers of education and training; Teaching and learning; Higher education;

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An analysis of the influencing factors of the employment rate for disabled students in China’s distance education

China’s second nationwide survey on the disabled indicates that the educational attainment of the disabled in the country is inversely proportional to their participation in employment, as the highly-educated group suffers from a generally low employment rate. Using SPSS Statistics (version 17.0), this article explores the impact of age, geography, profoundness (degree of) and types of disabilities and job-related skills on the employment of disabled students, with 56 graduates from the School for the Disabled of Tianjin Open University involved as the subjects of study. Temporary employment, state of disabilities, local policies and deficiency in job-related skills are found to play significant roles. It is hoped that the findings will support the development of disability-neutral employment opportunities and a training approach for the disabled that gives academic qualifications and practical skills equal attention.

China’s second nationwide survey on the disabled indicates that the educational attainment of the disabled in the country is ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Chao, Xu; Shunqi, Yang; Fan, Ping
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: China; Asia
Journal title: International journal of continuing education and lifelong learning
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Disability; Students; Employment;

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Greater access to higher education through communication technologies in sub-Saharan Africa: e-learning readiness of distance education students in Nigeria

This concurrent mixed methods study sought to determine e-learning readiness by distance education students in Nigeria based on their level of communication technology usage and perceptions of distance education delivery methods, and comparing learning experiences via the Internet and via study centre methods in Nigeria. This exploratory study, using a quantitative survey instrument, measured the current levels of students' technology usage, while a qualitative interview instrument was used to examine students' perceptions, attitudes and experiences of communication technology by distance education students in Nigeria.

This concurrent mixed methods study sought to determine e-learning readiness by distance education students in Nigeria based ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Onovughakpo, Fakinlede Charity
Date: 2012
Geographic subjects: Nigeria; Africa
Resource type: Thesis
Subjects: Equity; Higher education; Technology;

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Quality assurance in distance teaching universities: a comparative study in Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia

This thesis is an international comparative case study that investigates the perceptions, policies, and implementation of quality assurance (QA) programs in the learner support areas of three distance-teaching universities (DTUs) in Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia. Whilst participant accounts varied in their emphasis to understand and measure educational products and services that meet students' requirements, their perspectives on QA reflect the importance of quality guidelines to achieve expected outcomes. The adoption of QA programs has led to diverse critical challenges from both internal and external environments. For example, the participants reported that the implementation of QA was perceived as being too demanding. This situation has been exacerbated by the fact that government quality standards do not correspond well to the practice of distance education, as the standards have not been specifically designed for DTUs.

This thesis is an international comparative case study that investigates the perceptions, policies, and implementation of ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Darojat, Ojat
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Asia; Indonesia; Malaysia;
Resource type: Thesis
Subjects: Quality; Providers of education and training; Teaching and learning;

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Enablers to study via distance education: the student experience

Vocational education course completions are currently a high-profile topic in the Australian education sector and it is important from government and training provider perspectives that courses are completed. Completion is important for students as it improves their employability and earnings, while it is also important for providers, as funding is linked to completion. To gain a better understanding of the influences on course completion, this research project investigates the enablers and obstacles to distance education study from a student perspective. This research focuses on the factors that impact on study and enhance opportunities for completion by distance education with the Open Training and Education Network (OTEN), TAFE NSW - Western Sydney Institute's specialist training arm. The research focuses on a selected diploma-level course delivered via distance as part of the SEEK Learning-OTEN program.

Vocational education course completions are currently a high-profile topic in the Australian education sector and it is ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Tredinnick, Tracey
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Occasional paper
Series name: National Vocational Education and Training Research Program occasional paper
Subjects: Students; Teaching and learning; Participation;

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