Search results

Advanced search   My selection

The Bologna Process and the dynamics of academic mobility: a comparative approach to Romania and Turkey

Recent changes that have occurred in the European higher education system are grounded on the options of continental countries, expressed in the Bologna Declaration, to achieve a single European space in this field by the year 2010. The purpose of this paper is to develop a better understanding of student mobility in the process of internationalization of higher education in a South European context. The rationale of the study is that student mobility has long been the most important dimension of the process of internationalization of higher education. At the moment there is increasing demand for higher education, as a consequence of demographic trends and the need for new degrees and diploma programs.

Recent changes that have occurred in the European higher education system are grounded on the options of continental ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Roman, Monica; Mizikaci, Fatma; Goschin, Zizi
Date: 2008
Geographic subjects: Europe; Romania; Turkey
Journal title: Romanian journal of economics
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Higher education; Governance; International education;

VITAL Object

Perspectives, prospects and progress in work-related learning

This concluding chapter briefly reviews and discusses key aspects of the book's contributions. In particular, attention is directed to the progress of the discipline of workplace learning, identifying emergent perspectives, noting the theoretical approaches they embody, and indicating the kinds of new curriculum practices and pedagogical tools that are suggested for supporting workplace learning. Based on a discussion of the contributions, some educational policies and government practices that could develop workplaces as sites of productive learning are also outlined. Overall, the focus in this concluding chapter is with the following questions: What are the theoretical assumption underpinning the studies of workplace learning in this volume? What are the implications of these future studies and practices in workplace learning?

This concluding chapter briefly reviews and discusses key aspects of the book's contributions. In particular, attention is ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Etelapelto, Anneli
Date: 2008
Geographic subjects: Finland; Europe
Resource type: Book chapter
Subjects: Workforce development; Policy; Skills and knowledge;

VITAL Object

How do we ensure quality in an expanding higher education system?

The higher education system in England is changing at an unprecedented rate. This report considers what kind of quality assurance system is going to be fit for this more complex new world of expanding higher education. Quality assurance does, and should, sit within a broader framework for regulation of providers. The authors have set out recommendations for the future of the quality assurance system in England.

The higher education system in England is changing at an unprecedented rate. This report considers what kind of quality ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: University Alliance
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: England; Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Higher education; Quality; Providers of education and training;

VITAL Object

The match between university education and graduate labour market outcomes (education-job match): an analysis of three graduate cohorts in Catalonia

The purpose of this study was precisely to analyse the public higher education system in Catalonia as a whole in relation to the ongoing development of the learning model over the last ten years, of its match in terms of the requirements of the skilled labour market and the returns obtained by graduates in terms of the quality of their jobs and employment three years after graduation. Using the graduates' own perceptions, an analysis was made of the response by higher education institutions, and the way this response has changed, to social demands for education and learning that are more appropriate in the workplace; how the skilled labour market has changed in terms of the selection and assessment of certain professional skills and competences; and the ways in which the postgraduate learning strategies of university graduates have changed to increase their competitiveness and distinctiveness in the labour market.

The purpose of this study was precisely to analyse the public higher education system in Catalonia as a whole in relation to ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Corominas, Enric; Saurina, Carme; Villar, Esperanca
Date: 2010
Geographic subjects: Spain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Series name: Studies on higher education and graduate employment
Subjects: Students; Labour market; Outcomes;

VITAL Object

Older workers: the view of Dutch employers in a European perspective

This study addresses several research questions regarding employers' attitudes and behaviour towards older workers that have received limited attention in the scientific literature to date. One gap this study addresses is that although we know that governments have been changing the institutional surroundings in order to prolong working lives, there is only limited insight into whether employers have been changing their attitudes and behaviour towards working longer over time.

This study addresses several research questions regarding employers' attitudes and behaviour towards older workers that have ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Conen, Wieteke
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Netherlands; Europe
Resource type: Book
Series name: NIDI
Subjects: Employment; Labour market; Research;

VITAL Object

Made in China, sold in Norway: local labor market effects of an import shock

[The authors] analyze whether regional labor markets are affected by exposure to import competition from China. [The authors] find negative employment effects for low-skilled workers, and observe that low-skilled workers tend to be pushed into unemployment or leave the labor force altogether. [The authors] find no evidence of wage effects. [The authors] partly expect this in a Nordic welfare state where firms are flexible at the employment margin, while centralized wage bargaining provides less flexibility at the wage margin. [The authors'] estimates suggest that import competition from China explains almost 10 per cent of the reduction in the manufacturing employment share from 1996 to 2007 which is half of the effect found by Autor, Dorn and Hanson (2013) for the US.

[The authors] analyze whether regional labor markets are affected by exposure to import competition from China. [The ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Balsvik, Ragnhild; Jensen, Sissel; Salvanes, Kjell G.
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Norway; Europe; China;
Resource type: Discussion paper
Series name: IZA discussion paper
Subjects: Labour market; Employment; Industry;

VITAL Object

Enthusiasts, fence-sitters and sceptics: faculty perspectives on study abroad in Australia and the Czech Republic

Although governments and universities worldwide recognise the value of study abroad as a means to prepare graduates to live and work in a globalising world, there is a wide gap between the rhetoric and reality. The reasons for this are complex, but one factor, not often discussed, is the role academics play in study abroad. This paper explores academics' perceptions of study abroad in universities within two higher education systems: Australian and Czech. Findings from both countries are considered across four themes: academics' perceived value of study abroad; 'internationalising' academic staff; academics' concerns about student equity; and integrating study abroad into the curriculum at home. The implications for practice and further research are discussed.

Although governments and universities worldwide recognise the value of study abroad as a means to prepare graduates to live ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Green, Wendy; Mertova, Patricie
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania; Czech Republic;
Journal title: Higher education research and development
Resource type: Article
Subjects: International education; Higher education; Students;

VITAL Object

Adults learning, vol. 25, no. 2, Winter 2013

Feature articles in this issue include: We need to talk about part-time (pages 8-13); We can do more to support mature students / Chris Brill (pages 14-15); 1963 and all that: what Robbins thought about mature students / Paul Stanistreet (pages 16-19); The limitations of widening participation / Stephen Gorard (pages 20-21); Behind the headlines / John Field (pages 22-24); Whitehead and after: the future of vocational education / Tom Wilson and David Grailey (pages 25-27); Back to the future / Peter Wilson (pages 28-29); A triumph of hope over experience / Ewart Keep (pages 30-31); Seeing past smoke and mirrors / Mick Fletcher (pages 32-33); Room at the top? / Tom Schuller.

Feature articles in this issue include: We need to talk about part-time (pages 8-13); We can do more to support mature ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (England and Wales) (NIACE)
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Journal issue
Subjects: Adult and community education; Lifelong learning; Students;

VITAL Object

Embedding information literacy skills as employability attributes

There is clear evidence that graduates, in general, lack the personal skills, attitudes and behaviors needed for success in the workplace. For university students, gaining employability skills such as information literacy, reflective thinking and writing skills throughout their education is now more important than ever. British universities have been increasingly investing in various strategies to ensure that their graduates are fully equipped with knowledge and transferable skills and are able to respond to the changing needs of the job market. With the heightened need for our graduates to be employable, the focus has grown from academic literacy to include 'workplace literacy'. However, these two should not be considered separate entities but rather a development from one to the other.

There is clear evidence that graduates, in general, lack the personal skills, attitudes and behaviors needed for success in ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Smith, Serengul; Edwards, J. Adam
Date: 2012
Geographic subjects: Great Britain; Europe
Journal title: ALISS quarterly
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Employment; Literacy; Skills and knowledge;

VITAL Object

Wage subsidies and hiring chances for the disabled: some causal evidence

In [this] study, [the author] conducts a large-scale field experiment to evaluate the effectiveness of wage subsidies in terms of integrating the disabled into the labour market. Two applications for male graduates, identical except that one reveals a disability, are sent out to 768 vacancies in the Flemish labour market. In addition, [the author] alternates between pairs in which the disabled candidate also mentions entitlement to a wage subsidy, the Flemish Supporting Subsidy, amounting to between 20 per cent and 40 per cent of the total wage cost, and pairs in which the disabled candidate does not. Monitoring the subsequent call-back learns that the likelihood to receive a positive response to a job application, being a disabled candidate, is not influenced by revealing wage subsidy entitlement.

In [this] study, [the author] conducts a large-scale field experiment to evaluate the effectiveness of wage subsidies in ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Baert, Stijn
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Belgium; Europe
Resource type: Discussion paper
Series name: IZA discussion paper
Subjects: Labour market; Disability; Employment;

VITAL Object