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The Dutch vocational education and training system

This report discusses the Dutch educational system, a highly stratified system from secondary education onwards. This also applies to middelbaar beroepsonderwijs (MBO), or upper secondary vocational education. Each MBO course can be followed in two different learning pathways, called the vocationally educating learning pathway, beroepsopleidende leerweg (BOL), and the vocationally guiding learning pathway, beroepsbegeleidende leerweg (BBL).

This report discusses the Dutch educational system, a highly stratified system from secondary education onwards. This also ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Verhagen, Annelore
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Netherlands; Europe
Resource type: Report
Series name: ROA technical report
Subjects: Vocational education and training; Pathways; Evaluation;

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Business and initial vocational education and training in the Netherlands: a schematic overview

This paper discusses secondary technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in the Netherlands (called middelbaar beroepsonderwijs or MBO in Dutch), highlighting the role of TVET in regional training centres which offer a broad range of programmes at different levels. It identifies reasons why Dutch TVET has received international attention, and examines the role of the social partners in this system, as well as the initiatives by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science to change the framework over recent years. It provides a brief overview of the Dutch labour market and labour relations and of the main sources of labour market information, before discussing the role of business in secondary TVET, its place in the overall education system, government policies and related issues. It covers the salaries, working conditions and job satisfaction of teachers and trainers. The study underlines the importance of social partner involvement in the elaboration of sectoral skills strategies and ever evolving changes in skill needs. It also emphasizes the importance of sound recruitment practices, training strategies, and decent working conditions for TVET personnel. TVET strategies and systems are critically important components of comprehensive approaches to promote youth employability and ensure that training matches current demand in labour markets as well as future needs of developing sectors. It is hoped that the experience of the Netherlands can provide useful insights for policymakers and social partners in developing such strategies in their own countries.

This paper discusses secondary technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in the Netherlands (called middelbaar ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Liemt, Gijsbert van
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Netherlands; Europe
Resource type: Working paper
Series name: Skills and Employability Branch, Sectoral Policies Department working paper
Subjects: Vocational education and training; Providers of education and training; Demographics;

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Hi-tech skills anticipation for sustainable development in Russia

It is evident that there is a heightened importance in Russia attributed to ensuring that students develop skills, which will enable them to be more productive and engaged citizens. This article deals with a skills anticipation methodology for seven hi-tech industries in Russia that resulted in the development of models for both soft and hard skills. There is a variety of widely applied methods: qualitative projection of labor market parameters; desk studies; document analysis; foresight sessions; and employers' and experts' surveys. As a result, new skills models are to help the specialists to effectively overcome the challenges, apply innovative decisions, and increase their technological knowledge.

It is evident that there is a heightened importance in Russia attributed to ensuring that students develop skills, which ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Gurtov, Valery; Pitukhina, Maria; Sigova, Svetlana
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Russia; Europe
Journal title: International journal of management, knowledge and learning
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Skills and knowledge; Industry; Sustainability;

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The European Youth Guarantee: labor market context, conditions and opportunities in Italy

This essay aims to discuss the conditions for a successful implementation of the European Youth Guarantee in Italy. In principle, the program should be able to affect the frictional and mismatch components of unemployment, if not the Keynesian and neoclassical ones, as also the experience of Scandinavian countries suggests. However, this requires an in-depth transformation of the entire school-to-work transition system, involving not only public employment services, but also educational and training systems. To tackle the Keynesian and neoclassical components of unemployment, instead, it is vital to rethink the European austerity and reduce the labor wedge.

This essay aims to discuss the conditions for a successful implementation of the European Youth Guarantee in Italy. In ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Pastore, Francesco
Date: 2015
Geographic subjects: Italy; Europe
Resource type: Discussion paper
Series name: IZA discussion paper
Subjects: Youth; Employment; Labour market

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Ageing of skills and complementary immigration in the EU, 2010-2025

This paper measures both population ageing and shrinking within the working age populations of all 27 European Union (EU) countries between 2010 and 2025, in the absence of any further migration. In this 'no migration scenario' it provides the levels of net migration that should be necessary to maintain the size of the young working age population (aged 15-44 years of age). This paper does not give analytic focus to wider non-demographic processes that can either offset or amplify the ageing of skills. For example, neither the introduction of life-long learning programmes nor the postponements to the legal age of retirement are factored into the model. Results highlight that without migrants, the employed population aged below 45 in all EU member states will have significant levels of shortfall in maintaining the size of the 2010 labour force.

This paper measures both population ageing and shrinking within the working age populations of all 27 European Union (EU) ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Fargues, Philippe; McCormick, Ashley
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Europe
Resource type: Working paper
Series name: EUI working paper
Subjects: Demographics; Employment; Migration;

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Shifting focus: policies to support the labor market integration of new immigrants in France

In France, immigrants are more likely to be unemployed or in low-skilled work than their native-born peers. Immigrants face a number of challenges to entering and advancing in the French labor market, including discrimination, foreign qualification recognition, and limited professional networks. Moreover, the French labor market is structurally unfavorable to new entries, whether migrants or native-born youth, and foreign nationals from outside the European Union (EU) are barred from many public- and private-sector jobs. Despite these obstacles, the government has not made a policy priority of getting newcomers into jobs. This report examines how well mainstream employment policies, in combination with recent integration policy reforms - particularly the introduction of a new category, 'newly arrived migrants' - are supporting migrants' integration into the labor market and advancement into middle-skilled jobs. The report provides an overview of immigrants' progress in the French labor market and analyzes recent French immigration policy and the relevant aspects of employment policy, language and vocational training, and antidiscrimination programs. Finally, the report proposes some policy recommendations.

In France, immigrants are more likely to be unemployed or in low-skilled work than their native-born peers. Immigrants face ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Safi, Mirna
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: France; Europe
Resource type: Report
Series name: A series on the labor market integration of new arrivals in Europe (Migration Policy Institute)
Subjects: Migration; Labour market; Participation;

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The changing face of college governance

The changing face of further education (FE) college governance in England and Wales was examined in a study that included the following activities: (1) a survey of 47 FE colleges across England and Wales (response rate, five per cent) to identify the composition and operation of governing bodies, proposed changes, perceived developmental needs; and areas of good practice; (2) a survey of individual governors of a sample of 50 colleges; and (3) visits to nine colleges. The following were among the key findings: (1) changes in governing bodies' composition have ben gradual and generally in line with expectations; (2) the conduct of corporation business has become more rigorous, bringing increased pressures on workload; (3) the focus of governance has shifted toward colleges' educational character, direction, and performance as opposed to finance, personnel, and property; (4) levels of governor commitment and fulfilment are generally high; and (5) most governing bodies reported having additional work to do before feeling fully and justifiably confident in their ability to oversee their colleges' core educational role. Seventeen tables/figures are included. The bibliography lists 18 references. The college and governors' survey instruments are appended along with breakdowns of the responses to them and the checklist of interview questions for the college visits.

The changing face of further education (FE) college governance in England and Wales was examined in a study that included ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Davies, Peter
Date: 2002
Geographic subjects: Europe; Great Britain; England;
Resource type: Report
Series name: LSDA research report
Subjects: Governance; Providers of education and training; Employment;

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Skills and innovation strategies to strengthen US manufacturing: lessons from Germany

Faced with stagnating wages for most Americans, business, civic, and political leaders across the United States are rediscovering manufacturing as a source of good jobs and lasting economic growth. However, revitalizing the US manufacturing sector will require a renewed commitment to public-private-civic partnerships that deliver on the key driver of industrial competitiveness: a highly trained workforce that can use technology to translate basic and applied research and development to large-scale commercial innovations. In November 2014 the Global Cities Initiative, a joint project of Brookings and JPMorgan Chase, brought 40 US business, civic, and government leaders to Munich and Nuremberg, Germany to learn more about the German model for manufacturing competitiveness. For US practitioners and policymakers interested in applying German best practices in their own places, this paper serves to document the key discussion themes and potential lessons from that trip. It provides a brief overview of the current state of manufacturing in each country, the German systems for innovation and vocational education and training, and concludes with examples of how US leaders are applying the most successful elements of these German systems to the American context.

Faced with stagnating wages for most Americans, business, civic, and political leaders across the United States are ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Parilla, Joseph; Trujillo, Jesus Leal; Berube, Alan
Date: 2015
Geographic subjects: United States; Germany; North America;
Resource type: Paper
Series name: Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings
Subjects: Industry; Innovation; Skills and knowledge;

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Supporting quality jobs in tourism

The tourism sector is highly dependent on quality human resources to develop and deliver a competitive tourism offering. This report examines approaches to encourage the creation of more and better tourism jobs, with a particular emphasis on enhancing the skills and career development opportunities of people employed in tourism [small and medium enterprises] SMEs. The contribution quality jobs can make to building a competitive and sustainable tourism sector is discussed. This is followed by analysis of the sector's labour intensity and labour market characteristics, and the implications for attracting, retaining and developing a skilled workforce. Policies and programmes introduced to respond to these challenges and boost workforce development in tourism SMEs are examined and a number of key policy considerations highlighted.

The tourism sector is highly dependent on quality human resources to develop and deliver a competitive tourism offering. ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Stacey, Jane
Date: 2015
Geographic subjects: Australia; Canada; Denmark;
Resource type: Paper
Series name: OECD tourism papers
Subjects: Workforce development; Industry; Employment;

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Peer mentoring during the transition to university: assessing the usage of a formal scheme within the UK

Although mentoring has become increasingly popular within [United Kingdom] UK higher education, there is little evaluative research. The current longitudinal study aimed to evaluate the usage of a peer mentoring scheme during a first semester at university amongst 124 students. Results indicate that during the first week at university the majority accessed the scheme but this then diminished by 10 weeks. There were strong positive correlations among contact, satisfaction and perceived mentor social support. Additionally, expectations of mentoring mediated the relationship between contact time and satisfaction. Correlations with student well-being and intention to withdraw, however, indicated that students reporting high levels of mentor support were worse off than those reporting less support. Students wanting more support from mentors were significantly lower on levels of integration and well-being. Findings suggest a potentially vulnerable group of students who access and use the mentoring scheme because of the problems they are experiencing.

Although mentoring has become increasingly popular within [United Kingdom] UK higher education, there is little evaluative ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Collings, Rosalyn; Swanson, Vivien; Watkins, Ruth
Date: 2015
Geographic subjects: England; Scotland; Wales;
Journal title: Studies in higher education
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Higher education; Participation; Teaching and learning;

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