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Institutional barriers for adults' participation in higher education in thirteen European countries

This study focuses on institutional barriers that adult learners experience while participating in higher education programmes. [The authors] developed a holistic measure of diversification, accessibility, flexibility and affordability of higher education for adults. Based on pre-economic-crisis data across Europe [the authors] then explored the impact of macro-level institutional factors on the formation of the barriers by national welfare state arrangements. [The authors] found that perceived barriers are the lowest in liberal and social democratic countries but highest in post-soviet ones, with other post-socialist countries and continental ones in between. While perception of various barriers can be lessened by increasing flexibility of the educational programmes, [the authors'] findings still show that the level of perceived barriers remains high also in flexible systems, hence other characteristics of higher education systems seem to be of more relevance. Higher education diversification and better affordability of the higher education system seems to predict a lower level of institutional barriers for adult learners, indicating that these are the crucial aspects. [The] study serves as a baseline for further studies on the effects of changes that have been put in place since, especially regarding the variety of national responses.

This study focuses on institutional barriers that adult learners experience while participating in higher education ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Saar, Ellu; Taht, Kadri; Roosalu, Triin
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Europe; Norway; Slovenia;
Journal title: Higher education
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Participation; Students; Providers of education and training;

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Too good to fail: the financial sustainability of higher education in England

The goal of this inquiry was to better understand the threats to the financial sustainability of higher education, and how these could be overcome to create a sustainable higher education sector in the short-, medium-, and long-term. The Higher Education Commission spent nine months researching the financial sustainability of higher education in England, speaking to over 60 experts in higher education and finance, and students currently at university. The inquiry considered: what should be sustained in the current higher education system; what are the biggest threats to higher education in England; and how can providers, the government and others mitigate these threats. The report makes 16 recommendations to help safeguard the future sustainability of higher education in England. Also presented are six options on funding models, weighing up the advantages and disadvantages of each.

The goal of this inquiry was to better understand the threats to the financial sustainability of higher education, and how ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Higher Education Commission (Great Britain)
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: England; Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Finance; Higher education; Sustainability;

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Learning at every age?: life cycle dynamics of adult education in Europe

Adult learning is seen as a key factor for enhancing employment, innovation and growth. The aim of this paper is to understand the points in the life cycle at which adult learning takes place and whether it leads to reaching a medium or high level of educational attainment. [The authors] perform a synthetic panel analysis of adult learning for cohorts aged 25-64 in 27 European countries using the European Union Labour Force Survey. [The authors] find that investment across the life cycle by cohorts older than 25 still occurs: participation in education and training as well as educational attainment increase observably across all cohorts. [The authors] also find that the decline with age slows down, or is even reversed for older cohorts, for both participation in education and educational attainment. Finally, [the authors] can identify cross-country differences in approach. In Nordic countries, adult learning is achieved primarily through participation in education and training without adding to formal educational attainment. In central Europe, adult learning occurs primarily in the form of increasing educational attainment. In Ireland and the UK, a combination of both approaches to adult learning is observable.

Adult learning is seen as a key factor for enhancing employment, innovation and growth. The aim of this paper is to ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Beblavy, Miroslav; Thum, Anna-Elisabeth; Potjagailo, Galina
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Europe
Journal title: Studies in continuing education
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Adult and community education; Lifelong learning;

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Review of youth training: employer survey preliminary results

The review of apprenticeships and youth training was launched in February 2013, with the aim of ensuring that youth training reflects the changing needs of the Northern Ireland economy and offers a progression pathway for young people into an apprenticeship at Level 3, a further education programme at Level 3, or a sustainable job. The review's focus is on training provision at Level 2 for young people aged between 16 and 18 years old. This includes training currently delivered for young people who are not in employment through work placements as part of Training for Success, and government-funded training for employees in this age group as part of ApprenticeshipsNI. The review will also seek to simplify the range of options currently available at Level 2. The Department for Employment and Learning (DEL) administered an employer survey in August 2014 to help inform the review of youth training. The survey sought to explore structured work-based learning to find out what the experience of employers has been in engaging with DEL to date, and what DEL can do to improve its provision going forward. This report presents the preliminary results of the survey.

The review of apprenticeships and youth training was launched in February 2013, with the aim of ensuring that youth training ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Northern Ireland. Department for Employment and Learning (DEL)
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Northern Ireland; Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Series name: Review of apprenticeships and youth training (Northern Ireland)
Subjects: Employment; Research; Apprenticeship;

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Environmental scan of the health care sector: a focus on workplace literacy and essential skills

The overall goal of this environmental scan was to find out (1) the literacy and essential skills challenges in the health care sector, and (2) what sort of workplace literacy programming has taken place in the sector. The specific objectives of the scan were to: provide an understanding of the entry level health care workforce and the context for working in the health care industry; identify the literacy and basic skills needs of the health care sector workforce across industrialized countries; identify what kinds of training and education initiatives and infrastructures have been undertaken to address these needs; and identify the results of these initiatives.

The overall goal of this environmental scan was to find out (1) the literacy and essential skills challenges in the health ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Folinsbee, Sue
Date: 2010
Geographic subjects: North America; Canada; United States;
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Literacy; Skills and knowledge; Industry;

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Review of youth training: interim report and consultation document

The review of apprenticeships and youth training was launched in February 2013, with the aim of ensuring that youth training reflects the changing needs of the Northern Ireland economy and offers a progression pathway for young people into an apprenticeship at Level 3, a further education programme at Level 3, or a sustainable job. The review's focus is on training provision at Level 2 for young people aged between 16 and 18 years old. This document sets out the Department for Employment and Learning's analysis and interim conclusions on a new system of youth training that will form a key part of the wider education and skills landscape in Northern Ireland. It sets out a range of interventions and support that will comprise a system of learning for young people aged 16-24. It is proposed that the training system will incorporate structured work-based learning for all participants, including an employment-based pathway, and provide a new professional and technical award at Level 2, the curriculum content of which will be informed by employers in order to better match demand and supply. It is proposed that the system will provide flexible routes and support mechanisms to make training accessible to all young people, and facilitate progression into apprenticeships, further education or higher education, and directly or indirectly into sustained employment.

The review of apprenticeships and youth training was launched in February 2013, with the aim of ensuring that youth training ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Northern Ireland. Department for Employment and Learning (DEL)
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Northern Ireland; Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Series name: Review of apprenticeships and youth training (Northern Ireland)
Subjects: Youth; Apprenticeship; Vocational education and training;

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Training for Success and Programme-Led Apprenticeships leavers survey

The review of apprenticeships and youth training was launched in February 2013, with the aim of ensuring that youth training reflects the changing needs of the Northern Ireland economy and offers a progression pathway for young people into an apprenticeship at Level 3, a further education programme at Level 3, or a sustainable job. The review's focus is on training provision at Level 2 for young people aged between 16 and 18 years old. This includes training currently delivered for young people who are not in employment through work placements as part of Training for Success, and government-funded training for employees in this age group as part of ApprenticeshipsNI. The review will also seek to simplify the range of options currently available at Level 2. In April 2014, the Department for Employment and Learning carried out a postal survey of leavers from the Training for Success and Programme-Led Apprenticeships programmes. The purpose of the research was to inform the Department about the experiences of participants in these training programmes, their employment status, and their views on the training, and ultimately to inform development of the Department's training programme provision. This report contains the findings of the survey.

The review of apprenticeships and youth training was launched in February 2013, with the aim of ensuring that youth training ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Northern Ireland. Department for Employment and Learning (DEL)
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Northern Ireland; Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Series name: Review of apprenticeships and youth training (Northern Ireland)
Subjects: Research; Apprenticeship; Outcomes;

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Dealing with disaffection: the influence of work-based learning on 14-16-year-old students' attitudes to school

Recent developments in policy concerned with raising achievement in schools have given rise to work-based learning as a mechanism for dealing with disaffection. Alongside this redress is the potential for promoting alternative pathways into further education and/or employment. This paper looks at the impact of a work-based learning programme on engagement/re-engagement for disaffected 14-16 year-olds. Drawing on data collected in a small borough in the north of England, it examines attitudes to learning in school and a vocational learning environment.

Recent developments in policy concerned with raising achievement in schools have given rise to work-based learning as a ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Allan, David
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: England; Great Britain; Europe
Journal title: Empirical research in vocational education and training
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Youth; Vocational education and training; Students;

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Tackling early leaving from education and training in Europe: strategies, policies and measures

This joint Eurydice/Cedefop report sheds light on early leaving from education and training - a serious challenge in many European Union (EU) countries. The report aims to add value to Member States' individual efforts as well as to the European Commission's endeavours in this area by monitoring developments in the design and implementation of strategies, policies and measures to combat early leaving and support student learning. Key areas addressed are: data collection, strategies and policies against early leaving, the role of education and career guidance, governance and cross-sector cooperation and early leaving from the perspective of vocational education and training. All EU Member States are covered as well as Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey.

This joint Eurydice/Cedefop report sheds light on early leaving from education and training - a serious challenge in many ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: European Education Information Network (EURYDICE)
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop)
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Europe; Iceland; Norway;
Resource type: Report
Series name: Eurydice and Cedefop report
Subjects: Participation; Policy; Youth;

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Teaching, learning and assessment in further education and skills: what works and why

This report summarises the most significant features of outstanding teaching, learning and assessment in the UK further education and skills sector and the factors that contribute to these. It also identifies several areas where more improvement is needed. Her Majesty's Inspectors visited further education colleges, sixth form colleges, independent learning providers, employer providers and providers of community learning and skills between September 2013 and April 2014, as well as using evidence from inspections to inform the report findings.

This report summarises the most significant features of outstanding teaching, learning and assessment in the UK further ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Great Britain. Office for Standards in Education (England) (Ofsted)
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Teaching and learning; Assessment; Vocational education and training;

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