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Same, but different: emergence of VET in three Nordic countries

Historically apprenticeship has developed very differently in the Nordic countries, either as a separate dual system (Denmark), as an integrated part of upper secondary education (Norway) or has almost disappeared (Sweden). The purpose of this paper is to examine the roots of these differences in the period of re-regulation following the deregulation caused by the dissolution of the guilds from the middle of the 19th century. The paper presents the first results of a comparative study of the roots of these differences in the historical transition of [vocational education and training] VET in three Nordic countries. A number of earlier studies (Archer 1979; Thelen 2004) have pointed to the significance of the formative transition period after the dissolution of the guilds for the subsequent trajectories of VET, especially the relation between artisans and industrialists and the relation between the labour market partners and the state in establishing new forms of regulation of collective skills formation. Even though the coalitions and institutions formed in this period do not determine subsequent development, they do make some policy options more likely than others (Dobbins and Busemeyer 2014).

Historically apprenticeship has developed very differently in the Nordic countries, either as a separate dual system ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Jorgensen, Christian Helms
Conference name: History of Vocational Education and Training
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Denmark; Norway; Sweden;
Resource type: Conference
Subjects: Governance; Vocational education and training; Apprenticeship;

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The Open University: widening access and success strategy 2012-2015

This document sets out how the Open University intends to increase the participation of disadvantaged and under-represented groups in higher education. The document not only shows the actions the organisation plans to take, but also what measures will be used to gauge their success. Groups that are the focus of specialised plans include: (1) prisoners and those released on licence; (2) people with responsibilities as carers; (3) people from low socio-economic backgrounds; (4) Black and other ethnic minority people from low socio-economic backgrounds; and (5) people with a disability. The document concludes with details on how these actions will be evaluated.

This document sets out how the Open University intends to increase the participation of disadvantaged and under-represented ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: Open University
Date: 2012
Geographic subjects: Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Higher education; Participation; Providers of education and training;

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Forging futures: building higher level skills through university and employer collaboration

This joint publication of the UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES) and Universities UK (UUK), looks in detail at the ways in which universities and employers can form collaborative partnerships to develop higher level skills. The report outlines the reasons why universities and employers should collaborate to develop new ways in which people can develop higher level skills. It also gives practical examples of how collaborations have been created, and promotes the need for more partnerships of this kind to develop a wider range of ways in which both graduates and existing employees can develop such skills. The report also features 12 case studies from current collaborations across the UK, looking at the ways in which they have been created and the benefits they have brought to those involved. These case studies cover six industrial sectors, advanced manufacturing, construction, creative and digital, energy, [information technology] IT and life sciences.

This joint publication of the UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES) and Universities UK (UUK), looks in detail at ...  Show Full Abstract  

Corporate authors: CFE Research (Firm)
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Skills and knowledge; Industry; Higher education;

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Statistical bulletin: gender issues relating to employment, learning and skills

This statistical bulletin contains previously unpublished data relating to gender issues in employment, learning and skills. Data relates to gender differences in further and higher education enrolments, participation in the Steps to Work program and in training and apprenticeships.

This statistical bulletin contains previously unpublished data relating to gender issues in employment, learning and skills. ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Power, Tracy
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Northern Ireland; Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Statistical resource
Subjects: Statistics; Gender; Employment;

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National skills bulletin 2014

The bulletin is the 10th in an annual series of reports produced by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit (SLMRU) in SOLAS on behalf of the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs (EGFSN). The analysis undertaken in the bulletin draws from the information gathered and maintained in the National Skills Database (NSD), which allows for an overview of the Irish labour market at occupational level. Almost all indicators show improvements in the Irish labour market and analysis of labour market transitions shows that a large volume of activity is occurring in the Irish labour market. It is estimated that during 2013 there were over a million transitions between employment, unemployment and economic inactivity, as well as between and within occupations. Shortages are occurring across many occupations, although they continue to be confined to niche skill areas and in most instances remain of low magnitude. The bulletin aims to support policy formulation in the areas of education and training provision, labour market activation and immigration, and serves as a valuable career guidance tool for job seekers and students.

The bulletin is the 10th in an annual series of reports produced by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit (SLMRU) in ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Behan, Jasmina; McNaboe, Joan; Shally, Caroline;
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Ireland; Europe
Resource type: Report
Subjects: Employment; Labour market; Skills and knowledge;

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Taking the next step: class, resources and educational choice across the generations

Most young people in the UK now stay on in education or training when they finish school. Numbers will continue to increase following the implementation of raising the participation age. Despite an upward trend in further education participation, young people's pathways continue to be shaped by class and gender. This paper explores the choices and decisions made by young people in their final year of compulsory schooling and describes how these class and gender inequalities are reproduced. [The authors] also spoke to parents about their own trajectories and their involvement in guiding their children's next steps. [The authors'] concern is with young people in 'the middle': not most at risk of social exclusion, but certainly not the most privileged. The decisions at this key transitional point are socially embedded. Processes of class reproduction and class mobility are dependent upon both structural context and access to advantageous resources. The opportunity structures for [the] participants were very different for the two generations. [The authors] note the wider role that social resources play at this moment, and the classed differences between the children of parents who had experienced some upward mobility and those who had remained in working-class positions.

Most young people in the UK now stay on in education or training when they finish school. Numbers will continue to increase ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Snee, Helene; Devine, Fiona
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Great Britain; Europe
Journal title: Journal of youth studies
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Youth; Gender; Equity;

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Determinants of the international mobility of students

This paper analyzes the determinants of the choice of location of international students. Building on the documented trends in international migration of students, [the authors] identify the various factors associated to the attraction of migrants as well as the costs of moving abroad. Using new data capturing the number of students from a large set of origin countries studying in a set of 13 OECD countries, [the authors] assess the importance of the various factors identified in the theory. [The authors] find support for a significant network effect in the migration of students, a result so far undocumented in the literature. [The authors] also find a significant role for cost factors such as housing prices and for attractiveness variables such as the reported quality of universities. In contrast, [the authors] do not find an important role for registration fees.

This paper analyzes the determinants of the choice of location of international students. Building on the documented trends ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Beine, Michel; Noel, Romain; Ragot, Lionel
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia; New Zealand;
Journal title: Economics of education review
Resource type: Article
Subjects: International education; Students; Migration;

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Nursing education and career path of the graduates of Department of Nursing A', Technological Educational Institute of Athens

The professional course and employment of nurse graduates in Greece and their absorption by the [National Health System] NHS represent a major issue, in the creation of which contemporary social, economic, political and demographic circumstances contribute. The stratification in nursing education, the increasing number of graduates, in conjunction with the decreasing job opportunities, as well as the dissatisfaction in the undergraded working conditions create an adverse working environment in nursing in the country. The purpose of the present pilot study was to investigate the professional course and employment, as well as the continuing nursing education of the graduates of the Nursing Department A' of the Technological Educational Institute of Athens. The objectives of the study were: (1) to measure the rate of unemployment, self-employment and heteroemployment in nursing; (2) to identify the waiting period for getting a job after obtaining a degree in nursing; (3) to determine the way of finding a job in nursing; (4) to investigate the level of satisfaction in terms of working conditions and financial rewards; (5) to identify the percentage of the graduates that follow postgraduate studies related to nursing; and (6) to test the correlation between the level of education (degree grade, postgraduate studies, foreign languages, computer literacy) and finding a job in nursing. The article concludes that the rate of the unemployed graduates in the profession of nursing does not outnumber the rate of those working in this field. The majority of the graduates do not attend postgraduate studies in nursing. However, many graduates choose to follow various training programs as a method of continuing education.

The professional course and employment of nurse graduates in Greece and their absorption by the [National Health System] NHS ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Anastasopoulou, Panagiota; Vardala, Vasiliki; Vasileiou, Stella;
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Greece; Europe
Journal title: Health science journal
Resource type: Article
Subjects: Career development; Students; Employment;

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A guide to the removal of student number controls

In December 2013, the higher education sector was caught by surprise when the Coalition announced the ending of student number controls for England. If the changes happen as planned, by 2015/16 institutions will be free to recruit as many full-time undergraduate students as they can attract. This report: (1) considers why the announcement was made and whether it will happen as planned; (2) explains what the changes could mean for the sector and individual institutions; and (3) looks at the budget pressures that mean spending on each student is likely to fall.

In December 2013, the higher education sector was caught by surprise when the Coalition announced the ending of student ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Hillman, Nick
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: England; Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Report
Series name: HEPI report
Subjects: Higher education; Policy; Participation;

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Stay, leave or return?: understanding Welsh graduate mobility

This working paper presents the initial findings of a [Centre on Skills, Knowledge and Organisational Performance] SKOPE study exploring graduate migration from Wales. The paper seeks to establish the extent to which Wales retains its graduate labour in employment; and secondly, to estimate the labour market outcomes for 'Welsh' graduates (i.e. those born in Wales) and to investigate whether and how these may change and what factors may become more significant over time. In so doing, the paper focuses on analysing the location and employment outcomes of successive 'young' graduate cohorts since the 1992 expansion of Higher Education. It does this by augmenting the widely used graduate first destinations data produced by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) with detailed analysis of Labour Force Survey (LFS) and Annual Population Survey (APS) data to provide new insights into the patterns of and returns to graduate mobility.

This working paper presents the initial findings of a [Centre on Skills, Knowledge and Organisational Performance] SKOPE ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Bristow, Gillian; Pill, Madeleine; Davies, Rhys;
Date: 2011
Geographic subjects: Wales; Great Britain; Europe
Resource type: Working paper
Series name: WISERD working paper series
Subjects: Students; Labour market; Employment;

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