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Early post-school outcomes of Indigenous youth: the role of literacy and numeracy

Despite significant improvements in the areas of education and employment, the gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous youth remain. Across some indicators - for example, university participation - the gap has actually widened. This is mainly because improvements for non-Indigenous young people have matched or surpassed the gains made by Indigenous young people. Governments at both federal and state levels are striving to improve Indigenous people's educational attainment and employment participation. The consistently lower scores in reading and maths assessments achieved by Indigenous youth have meant that improving their performance in literacy and numeracy has become one of the key target areas on the national agenda to assist in closing the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Using data from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY), this briefing paper explores the impact of literacy and numeracy levels on the educational gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous youth. The paper focuses on the early post-school outcomes of Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people between 1999 and 2007.

Despite significant improvements in the areas of education and employment, the gaps between Indigenous and non-Indigenous ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Nguyen, Nhi
Date: 2010
Geographic subjects: Australia; Oceania
Resource type: Paper
Series name: LSAY briefing paper
Subjects: Indigenous people; Youth; Literacy;

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Collaborative approaches to achieving Aboriginal vocational education and employment outcomes in remote South Australia

This paper describes a pre-employment program that combined vocational education and training (VET), a structured mentoring program, and guaranteed employment for local Aboriginal people. The result of this collaboration was a series of eight pre-employment programs that achieved sustainable employment for 200 Aboriginal people and had the effect of changing workplace culture at a mining and resources company in remote South Australia, namely, OZ Minerals. This program is an example of collaborative best practice to achieve sustainable outcomes for Aboriginal people. The development of the VET program was undertaken in consultation with the employer to ensure that the accredited training met their needs.

This paper describes a pre-employment program that combined vocational education and training (VET), a structured mentoring ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Hodgson, Ian; Mibus, Marg; Tulloch-Hoskins, Amanda
Conference name: National Vocational Education and Training Research Conference
Date: 2013
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia; South Australia
Resource type: Conference
Subjects: Employment; Indigenous people; Vocational education and training;

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Economic vulnerability in Australia, 2002-12: an employment perspective

Concerned with ways to characterise economic vulnerability in labour market regions (including metropolitan regions) that are susceptible to structural economic change, the authors look at five indicators of economic vulnerability which were developed to rank regions from the most to the least vulnerable. These are: the change in average hours worked; the change in total hours worked; the change in the working-age population; a simple index of industry change; and a measure of labour market turbulence within a region. The authors also looked at a number of government initiatives established to assist industries and individuals in economically vulnerable regions. They found that the manufacturing and retail industries tended to dominate in the most vulnerable regions, although some vulnerable regions did not have clearly dominant industries. In contrast, mining and construction feature in the least vulnerable regions.

Concerned with ways to characterise economic vulnerability in labour market regions (including metropolitan regions) that ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Circelli, Michelle; Stanwick, John
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Occasional paper
Series name: National Vocational Education and Training Research Program occasional paper
Subjects: Employment; Economics; Industry;

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Disadvantaged learners and VET to higher education transitions

How disadvantaged learners participate in vocational education and training (VET) is an important consideration. Employment and further study outcomes are more likely to result from completing a higher-level VET qualification, but disadvantaged learners tend to enrol in lower-level qualifications. Hence, whether or not disadvantaged learners are transitioning from lower VET qualifications to higher level VET or higher education is of interest. Based on a review of the literature, this paper synthesises what is currently known about these transitions for disadvantaged learners.

How disadvantaged learners participate in vocational education and training (VET) is an important consideration. Employment ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Griffin, Tabatha
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Occasional paper
Series name: National Vocational Education and Training Research Program occasional paper
Subjects: Disadvantaged; Students; Vocational education and training;

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Labour market outcomes of Indigenous university graduates in Australia

Indigenous Australians experience disadvantage in many aspects. It is well documented in the literature, for instance, that Indigenous Australians have a much poorer life expectancy and health outcomes compared with non-Indigenous Australians. Furthermore, a number of studies indicate that Indigenous Australians lag behind non-Indigenous Australians in terms of educational attainment, as well as labour market participation and income. These gaps in health and socioeconomic outcomes are further exacerbated by the fact that they are interrelated, and disadvantages in one area tend to lead to disadvantage in another area. Policy approaches to closing the gap in Indigenous disadvantage would therefore have to be multi-faceted and take diverse approaches, including changes to education and labour market policies.

Indigenous Australians experience disadvantage in many aspects. It is well documented in the literature, for instance, that ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Li, Ian
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Book chapter
Subjects: Labour market; Outcomes; Indigenous people;

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Refugee immigrants: addressing social exclusion by promoting agency in the Australian VET sector

Refugee immigrants' past traumatic personal histories as well as their present social exclusion experiences are likely to adversely affect their exercise of personal agency and resettlement in Australia. Efforts to improve their capability to exercise agency and resettlement should be premised on social structural affordances and environments that support their participation and contribution to Australian society. One way that these supportive affordances could be created is through refugee immigrants' improved access to and meaningful engagement with the Australian vocational education and training (VET) sector and its technical and further education (TAFE) institutes. This paper identifies significant agentic factors associated with refugee immigrants' past personal histories as well as social exclusion experiences linked to their present resettlement, and explores ways that the VET sector and publicly funded TAFE institutes could address these issues. In conclusion, a set of recommendations are provided as guidelines on how the VET sector and TAFE institutes could address personal agency and social exclusion challenges for refugee immigrants in Australia.

Refugee immigrants' past traumatic personal histories as well as their present social exclusion experiences are likely to ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Onsando, Gerald
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Book chapter
Subjects: Migration; Disadvantaged; Vocational education and training;

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Are things improving?: progress in educational participation and attainment for disadvantaged youth

This presentation covers: importance of education; economic context; and changes in participation and attainment by equity group. The presentation concludes that educational participation and attainment has increased for disadvantaged groups but is still lagging behind and that a good education is critical to employment.

This presentation covers: importance of education; economic context; and changes in participation and attainment by equity ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Stanwick, John
Conference name: Realising Our Potential: Widening Participation Through Education and Training
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Conference
Subjects: Disadvantaged; Youth; Outcomes;

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Is VET the panacea we think it is?

This presentation provides an overview of the body of work undertaken under the three-year program 'Promoting social inclusion for disadvantaged groups through education and training'. It covers work on the [vocational education and training] VET completion gap for disadvantaged students, outcomes of policy initiatives such as 'Learn or Earn', the 'Victorian Training Guarantee', and Victoria's version of 'scored VET', as well as (further) education by those 25 years of age and older and the role of training in promoting transitions out of precarious employment.

This presentation provides an overview of the body of work undertaken under the three-year program 'Promoting social ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Buddelmeyer, Hielke; Polidano, Cain
Conference name: Realising Our Potential: Widening Participation Through Education and Training
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Conference
Subjects: Vocational education and training; Disadvantaged; Students;

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Peer-mentoring and increased interest in university study

This presentation is about research that used data from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) 2003 cohort to study the factors that can influence participation in tertiary education, with a particular focus on the influences of socioeconomic background and location, and the influence of peer mentoring on university aspirations.

This presentation is about research that used data from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) 2003 cohort to ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Drummond, Aaron
Conference name: Realising Our Potential: Widening Participation Through Education and Training
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Conference
Subjects: Students; Higher education; Vocational education and training;

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2013 postgraduate research papers: a compendium

As part of a National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) initiative to build research capacity in the sector, postgraduate students were invited to apply for a small grant to write a paper on some aspect of their research that aligns with the national research priorities for tertiary education and training. The papers of the seven successful applicants have been compiled into this compendium. The papers span a broad range of topics, including: addressing social exclusion in refugee immigrants; the labour market outcomes of Indigenous graduates; enhancing employability skills; transparency in the vocational education and training (VET) sector; social media as a learning environment; the use of immersive computer game environments in vocational education and training; and the experience of Indigenous people in the rail industry. These papers provide an insight into the breadth of research currently being conducted by postgraduate students in Australia.

As part of a National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) initiative to build research capacity in the sector, ...  Show Full Abstract  

Authors: Griffin, Tabatha
Date: 2014
Geographic subjects: Oceania; Australia
Resource type: Book
Subjects: Labour market; Outcomes; Indigenous people;

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