Women labor market participation in Europe: novel evidence on trends and shaping factors

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Author: Cipollone, Angela; Patacchini, Eleonora; Vallanti, Giovanna

Abstract:

[The authors] investigate the changes in women's participation patterns across 15 [European Union] EU countries over the last 20 years using individual data from [European Community Household Panel] ECHP and [European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions] EUSILC databases. [The] findings reveal a role of social policies and institutional factors that is stronger than what has so far been assessed. Labor market reforms explain almost 25 per cent of the actual increase in labor force participation for young women, and more than 30 per cent for highly educated women. The effects of labor market reforms on the participation of low skilled women in the labor force are instead surprisingly small. [The authors] also find that reforms of the institutional framework towards a model of flexicure labor market are effective in enhancing women labor supply only when deregulation is accompanied by sufficient social compensation.

Published abstract reprinted by permission of the copyright owner.

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[The authors] investigate the changes in women's participation patterns across 15 [European Union] EU countries over the last 20 years using individual data from [European Community Household Panel] ECHP and [European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions] EUSILC databases. [The] findings reveal a role of social policies and institutional factors that is stronger than what has so far been assessed. Labor market reforms explain almost 25 per cent of the actual increase in labor force participation for young women, and more than 30 per cent for highly educated women. The ...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Gender; Labour market; Participation; Policy; Qualifications

Keywords: Labour force participation; Social policy; Educational level

Geographic subjects: Europe

Published: Bonn, Germany: IZA, 2013

Physical description: 50 p.

Access item:
http://ftp.iza.org/dp7710.pdf

Series:
IZA discussion paper; no. 7710

Resource type: Discussion paper

Call Number:
TD/TNC 114.801



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