The effects of school vouchers on college enrollment: experimental evidence from New York City

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Permanent URL for this page: http://hdl.voced.edu.au/10707/250446.


Author: Chingos, Matthew M.; Peterson, Paul E.

Abstract:

In the first study, using a randomized experiment to measure the impact of school vouchers on college enrollment, [the authors] examine the college-going behavior through 2011 of students who participated in a voucher experiment as elementary school students in the late 1990s. They find no overall impacts on college enrollment but do find large, statistically significant positive impacts on the college going of African-American students who participated in the study. Their estimates indicate that using a voucher to attend private school increased the overall college enrollment rate among African Americans by 24 per cent. The original data for the analysis come from an experimental evaluation of the privately funded New York School Choice Scholarships Foundation Program, which in the spring of 1997 offered three-year scholarships worth up to a maximum of 1,400 dollars annually to as many as 1,000 low-income families. [The authors] obtained student information that allowed them to identify over 99 per cent of the students who participated in the original experiment so that their college enrollment status could be ascertained by means of the college enrollment database maintained by the National Student Clearinghouse for institutions of higher education that serve 96 per cent of all students in the United States. In addition to finding impacts on overall college-going for African Americans, the authors report significant increases in full-time college attendance, enrollment in private four-year colleges, and enrollment in selective four-year colleges for this group of students.

Summary from publisher’s website.

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In the first study, using a randomized experiment to measure the impact of school vouchers on college enrollment, [the authors] examine the college-going behavior through 2011 of students who participated in a voucher experiment as elementary school students in the late 1990s. They find no overall impacts on college enrollment but do find large, statistically significant positive impacts on the college going of African-American students who participated in the study. Their estimates indicate that using a voucher to attend private school increased the overall college enrollment rate ...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Students; Participation; Pathways; Providers of education and training; Finance; Secondary education; Higher education; Policy; Governance; Demographics; Disadvantaged; Statistics; Research

Keywords: Comparative analysis; Analysis; Minority group; Government role; Enrolment; College; Educational policy; Secondary school; Private school

Geographic subjects: North America; United States

Published: Washington, District of Columbia: The Brookings Institution, 2012

Physical description: iv, 34 p.

Access item:
http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/papers/2012/8/23%20school%20vouchers%20harvard%20chingos/impacts_of_school_vouchers_final.pdf

Also called:
School vouchers and college enrollment

Notes:
At head of title: August 2012

Resource type: Report

Call Number:
TD/TNC 112.294



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