State failure in dealing with the NEET problem in South Africa: which way forward?

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Permanent URL for this page: http://hdl.voced.edu.au/10707/248188.


Author: Kraak, Andre

Abstract:

The concept 'not in education, employment or training' (NEET) has only recently been deployed in academic analyses and policy documents in South Africa. This article uses the concept to highlight the acute levels of youth unemployment experienced in that country. It discusses the causal factors, and adopts the concept of 'social capital' as a powerful explanatory device, particularly in explaining why the young unemployed fail to access the first job. The discussion then proceeds to critique South African state efforts in resolving the NEET problem. The strategies of the state have failed in most cases, or where successful, have not expanded sufficiently to the requisite scale. In the conclusion, the discussion notes the relative success of many non-governmental organisations (NGOs) - operating at the micro level - in facilitating access to the first job. This suggests the need for more micro-level, qualitative research into the conditions that define local labour markets, and the role played by key organisational intermediaries such as NGOs which succeed where the state has failed - in successfully placing the young unemployed in work.

Published abstract reprinted by permission of the copyright owner.

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The concept 'not in education, employment or training' (NEET) has only recently been deployed in academic analyses and policy documents in South Africa. This article uses the concept to highlight the acute levels of youth unemployment experienced in that country. It discusses the causal factors, and adopts the concept of 'social capital' as a powerful explanatory device, particularly in explaining why the young unemployed fail to access the first job. The discussion then proceeds to critique South African state efforts in resolving the NEET problem. The strategies of ...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Governance; Youth; Employment; Culture and society; Labour market

Keywords: Government role; Youth at risk; Unemployed; Social capital; Transition from education and training to employment; Entry into working life; Youth transitions

Geographic subjects: South Africa; Africa

Published: Abingdon, England: Taylor and Francis, 2013

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Also called:
State failure in dealing with the not in employment, education or training problem in South Africa

Journal title: Research in post-compulsory education

Journal volume : 18

Journal number: 1-2

Journal date: March-June 2013

Pages: pp. 77-97

Series:
Critical perspectives on young people not in education, employment or training

ISSN: 1359-6748; 1747-5112 (online)

Notes:
Special issue: 'Reclaiming the disengaged: critical perspectives on young people not in education, employment or training' guest edited by Robin Simmons and Ron Thompson.

Resource type: Article

Peer reviewed: Yes

Call Number:
TD/TNC 111.981



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