Stayers and returners: educational self-selection among US immigrants and returning migrants

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Permanent URL for this page: http://hdl.voced.edu.au/10707/242559.


Author: Esteva, Arturo A. Aguilar

Abstract:

This paper empirically examines the educational selectivity of United States immigrants and of those that return to their source country. Data from the 1970 to 2000 US Census and the 2010 American Community Survey are employed. Ten countries are selected for the study based on their historical and contemporaneous importance on US migration. The results generally indicate positive selection on educational attainment of recently-arrived immigrants, being China, India, and Philippines, the most prominent examples. Mexico does not show evidence of positive or negative selection, but their immigrants’ selectivity has worsened through time. Historically, the educational selectivity of returning migrants accentuated the positive selection of those migrants that stay in the United States in most countries’ cases. However, patterns of selection among migrants that stay have recently changed. A more detailed analysis with data from the last decade finds evidence of positive selection of immigrants staying in the US for the Mexican and Philippines’ case, as well as negative selection for the Chinese. Trends of returning migration are also analyzed by gender, age, naturalization status, and migration spell duration. Mixed evidence of selection trends is found.

Published abstract reprinted by permission of the copyright owner.

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This paper empirically examines the educational selectivity of United States immigrants and of those that return to their source country. Data from the 1970 to 2000 US Census and the 2010 American Community Survey are employed. Ten countries are selected for the study based on their historical and contemporaneous importance on US migration. The results generally indicate positive selection on educational attainment of recently-arrived immigrants, being China, India, and Philippines, the most prominent examples. Mexico does not show evidence of positive or negative selection, but their ...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Migration; Teaching and learning; Qualifications

Keywords: Education; Immigration; Educational level; Skilled migration

Geographic subjects: United States; North America

Published: Bonn, Germany: IZA, 2013

Physical description: [55] p.

Access item:
http://ftp.iza.org/dp7222.pdf

Series:
IZA discussion paper; no. 7222

Resource type: Discussion paper

Call Number:
TD/TNC 111.594



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