Understanding urban wage inequality in China 1988-2008: evidence from quantile analysis

Printer-friendly versionPrinter-friendly version

Image of VITAL Repository Object ngv:54887

Permanent URL for this page: http://hdl.voced.edu.au/10707/239375.


Author: Appleton, Simon; Song, Lina; Xia, Qingjie

Abstract:

This paper examines change in wage gaps in urban China by estimating quantile regressions on [Chinese Household Income Project surveys] CHIPS data. It applies the Machado and Mata (2005) decomposition, finding sharp increases in inequality from 1988 to 1995 and from 2002 to 2008 largely due to changes in the wage structure. The analysis reports how the returns to education and experience vary across wage quantiles, along with wage differentials by sex and party membership. The role of industrial structure, ownership reform and occupational change are also estimated. In the recent period, 2002 to 2008, falls in the returns to education and experience have been equalising. However, changes in every other category of observed wage differential - by sex, occupation, ownership, industrial sector and province - have served to widened inequality. The gender gap continued to rise, as did the gap between white collar and blue collar workers, and between manufacturing and most other industrial sectors.

Published abstract.

  [-] Show less

This paper examines change in wage gaps in urban China by estimating quantile regressions on [Chinese Household Income Project surveys] CHIPS data. It applies the Machado and Mata (2005) decomposition, finding sharp increases in inequality from 1988 to 1995 and from 2002 to 2008 largely due to changes in the wage structure. The analysis reports how the returns to education and experience vary across wage quantiles, along with wage differentials by sex and party membership. The role of industrial structure, ownership reform and occupational change are also estimated. In the recent ...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Outcomes; Income; Finance; Equity; Gender; Demographics; Industry

Keywords: Return on education and training; Wage differential; Wage; Wage structure; Urban

Geographic subjects: China; Asia

Published: Bonn, Germany: IZA, 2012

Physical description: 34 p.

Access item:
http://ftp.iza.org/dp7101.pdf

Series:
IZA discussion paper; no. 7101

Resource type: Discussion paper

Call Number:
TD/TNC 111.105



NCVER Author-Date style

 
Citation only
Full record
End Note
Plain Text
Rich Text
MS Word
 
 

 

Download