Why are there still so many jobs?: the history and future of workplace automation

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Permanent URL for this page: http://hdl.voced.edu.au/10707/405597.

Author: Autor, David H.

Abstract:

In this essay, [the author begins] by identifying the reasons that automation has not wiped out a majority of jobs over the decades and centuries. Automation does indeed substitute for labor - as it is typically intended to do. However, automation also complements labor, raises output in ways that leads to higher demand for labor, and interacts with adjustments in labor supply. Journalists and even expert commentators tend to overstate the extent of machine substitution for human labor and ignore the strong complementarities between automation and labor that increase productivity, raise...  [+] Show more

Subjects: Technology; Employment; Labour market; Income; Outcomes; Skills and knowledge

Keywords: Technological change; Workplace change; Labour supply; Labour demand; Employment opportunity; Occupational structure; Skill analysis; Wage; History; Future

Published: Nashville, Tennessee: American Economic Association, 2015

Access item:

https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/jep.29.3.3

Journal volume: 29

Journal number: 3

Journal date: Summer 2015

Pages: pp. 3-30

ISSN: 0895-3309

Resource type: Article

Call number: TD/TNC 124.1058

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